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Adequacy and nutrition in the absence of residual renal function in peritoneal dialysis.
Adv Perit Dial. 2001; 17:230-4.AP

Abstract

With the aim of evaluating nutrition indices and dialysis adequacy level in patients who started peritoneal dialysis (PD) without residual renal function, we retrospectively studied 19 patients [8 men, 11 women; 3 with diabetes (15.8%); mean age: 44.5 +/- 10.74 years; 15 on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), 3 on continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD), 1 on nightly intermittent peritoneal dialysis (NIPD)]. The mean time spent by these patients on hemodialysis before PD was 62.7 +/- 54.7 months (range: 8.8-216 months), and the mean time on PD was 46.2 +/- 21.4 months (range: 10-75 months). In these patients, we measured weekly Kt/V urea, weekly creatinine clearance (CrC), normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR), body surface area (BSA), urea distribution volume (V), serum albumin, body mass index (BMI), percent lean body mass (%LBM), infusion volume (liters per day), subjective global assessment (SGA), and peritoneal equilibration test (PET). Using the Student t-test at a significance level of p < 0.05, we compared initial body weight (INW), actual weight (AW), and ideal body weight (IBW) according to age, sex, and height. We analyzed actuarial and technique survival (Kaplan-Meier). In regard to patient survival, only death was considered the end point; for technique survival, only technique failure was considered the end point. Data are expressed as mean +/- standard deviation. Results were: Kt/V, 2.20 +/- 0.46 L weekly; CrC, 59.11 +/- 12 L weekly; nPCR, 1.08 +/- 0.25 g/kg daily; BSA, 1.67 +/- 0.2 m2; V, 33.34 +/- 7.12; serum albumin, 3.68 +/- 0.22 g/dL; BMI, 24.06 +/- 4.16; %LBM, 64.92 +/- 10.13; SGA, 94.7% well-nourished; AW, 65.37 +/- 13.88 kg; IBW, 67.21 +/- 10.5 kg (AW vs IBW: r = 0.69, p > 0.05); INW, 61.54 +/- 11.07 kg (INW vs AW: r = 0.92, p < 0.05; INW vs IBW: r = 0.71, p < 0.05). Distribution of transport status by PET was 15.8% high transport, 36.8% high-average transport, 36.8% low-average transport, and 10.5% low transport. Mean infusion volume was 10.41 +/- 1.36 L in 24 hours. Cumulative survival was 100%, 98%, and 82% after 1, 2, and 6 years respectively. Technique survival was 100% after 6 years. The adequacy results accord with Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative (DOQI) recommendations, and the nutrition indices and actuarial and technique survival are satisfactory for anuric patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Servicio de Terapia Renal Hurlingham SRL, Centro Integral de Diálisis, Hospital Israelita, Buenos Aires, Argentina.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11510282

Citation

Canale, R, et al. "Adequacy and Nutrition in the Absence of Residual Renal Function in Peritoneal Dialysis." Advances in Peritoneal Dialysis. Conference On Peritoneal Dialysis, vol. 17, 2001, pp. 230-4.
Canale R, Barone RJ, Gimenez NS, et al. Adequacy and nutrition in the absence of residual renal function in peritoneal dialysis. Adv Perit Dial. 2001;17:230-4.
Canale, R., Barone, R. J., Gimenez, N. S., Santopietro, M., Ramirez, L., Palliotti, A., Romero, P., & Amado, D. (2001). Adequacy and nutrition in the absence of residual renal function in peritoneal dialysis. Advances in Peritoneal Dialysis. Conference On Peritoneal Dialysis, 17, 230-4.
Canale R, et al. Adequacy and Nutrition in the Absence of Residual Renal Function in Peritoneal Dialysis. Adv Perit Dial. 2001;17:230-4. PubMed PMID: 11510282.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Adequacy and nutrition in the absence of residual renal function in peritoneal dialysis. AU - Canale,R, AU - Barone,R J, AU - Gimenez,N S, AU - Santopietro,M, AU - Ramirez,L, AU - Palliotti,A, AU - Romero,P, AU - Amado,D, PY - 2001/8/21/pubmed PY - 2002/1/24/medline PY - 2001/8/21/entrez SP - 230 EP - 4 JF - Advances in peritoneal dialysis. Conference on Peritoneal Dialysis JO - Adv Perit Dial VL - 17 N2 - With the aim of evaluating nutrition indices and dialysis adequacy level in patients who started peritoneal dialysis (PD) without residual renal function, we retrospectively studied 19 patients [8 men, 11 women; 3 with diabetes (15.8%); mean age: 44.5 +/- 10.74 years; 15 on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), 3 on continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD), 1 on nightly intermittent peritoneal dialysis (NIPD)]. The mean time spent by these patients on hemodialysis before PD was 62.7 +/- 54.7 months (range: 8.8-216 months), and the mean time on PD was 46.2 +/- 21.4 months (range: 10-75 months). In these patients, we measured weekly Kt/V urea, weekly creatinine clearance (CrC), normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR), body surface area (BSA), urea distribution volume (V), serum albumin, body mass index (BMI), percent lean body mass (%LBM), infusion volume (liters per day), subjective global assessment (SGA), and peritoneal equilibration test (PET). Using the Student t-test at a significance level of p < 0.05, we compared initial body weight (INW), actual weight (AW), and ideal body weight (IBW) according to age, sex, and height. We analyzed actuarial and technique survival (Kaplan-Meier). In regard to patient survival, only death was considered the end point; for technique survival, only technique failure was considered the end point. Data are expressed as mean +/- standard deviation. Results were: Kt/V, 2.20 +/- 0.46 L weekly; CrC, 59.11 +/- 12 L weekly; nPCR, 1.08 +/- 0.25 g/kg daily; BSA, 1.67 +/- 0.2 m2; V, 33.34 +/- 7.12; serum albumin, 3.68 +/- 0.22 g/dL; BMI, 24.06 +/- 4.16; %LBM, 64.92 +/- 10.13; SGA, 94.7% well-nourished; AW, 65.37 +/- 13.88 kg; IBW, 67.21 +/- 10.5 kg (AW vs IBW: r = 0.69, p > 0.05); INW, 61.54 +/- 11.07 kg (INW vs AW: r = 0.92, p < 0.05; INW vs IBW: r = 0.71, p < 0.05). Distribution of transport status by PET was 15.8% high transport, 36.8% high-average transport, 36.8% low-average transport, and 10.5% low transport. Mean infusion volume was 10.41 +/- 1.36 L in 24 hours. Cumulative survival was 100%, 98%, and 82% after 1, 2, and 6 years respectively. Technique survival was 100% after 6 years. The adequacy results accord with Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative (DOQI) recommendations, and the nutrition indices and actuarial and technique survival are satisfactory for anuric patients. SN - 1197-8554 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11510282/Adequacy_and_nutrition_in_the_absence_of_residual_renal_function_in_peritoneal_dialysis_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -