Lipid abnormalities in coronary heart disease: a population-based case-control study.Indian Heart J. 2001 May-Jun; 53(3):332-6.IH
We performed a case-control study to estimate lipid-cholesterol fractions in patients with coronary heart disease and compared them with population-based controls.
METHODS AND RESULTS
A total of 635 newly diagnosed patients with coronary heart disease (518 males and 117 females) and 632 subjects (346 males and 286 females) obtained from an ongoing urban coronary heart disease risk factor epidemiological study were evaluated. Age-specific lipid values (total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, triglycerides, and total:high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio) were compared using the t-test. Age-adjusted prevalence of dyslipidemia as defined by the US National Cholesterol Education Program was compared using the Chi-square test. In all the age groups, and in both males and females, levels of total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were not significantly different. In males, the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (mg/dl) was significantly lower in patients with coronary heart disease as compared to controls in the age groups 30-39 years (35.1+/-11 v. 43.7+/-9), 40-49 years (39.0+/-10 v. 47.1+/-8), 50-59 years (38.9+/-11 v. 43.8+/-9) and 60-69 years (38.6+/-11, v. 42.8+/-7) (p<0.05). In females, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was less in the age groups 30-39 years (30.2+/-9 v. 40.7+/-9), 50-59 years (39.7+/-12 v. 44.7+/-8) and 60-69 years (35.6+/-11 v. 42.2+/-9). The level of triglycerides was significantly higher in male patients in the age groups 40-49 years (195.3+/-96 v. 152.8+/-78), 50-59 years (176.7+/-76 v. 162.9+/-97), 60-69 years (175.5+/-93 v. 148.1+/-65) and >70 years (159.8+/-62 v. 100.0+/-22); and in female patients in the age group 30-39 years (170.8+/-20 v. 149.9+/-9) (p<0.05). The total:high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio was significantly higher in all age groups in male as well as female patients with coronary heart disease (p<0.05).
An age-adjusted case-control comparison showed that the prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, high total cholesterol (> or =200 mg/dl) (males 48.8% v. 20.2%; females 59.8% v. 33.4%) and high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (> or =130 mg/dl) (males 42.1% v. 15.0%; females 52.1% v. 31.0%) was significantly more in cases than in controls. The prevalence of low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (<35 mg/dl) (males 39.6% v. 6.2%; females 39.3% iv 9.5%), high total:high-density lipoprotein ratio (> or = 5.0) and high triglycerides (> or =200 mg/ dl: males 39.6%, v. 10.2%; females 17.1% v. 11.9%) was also significantly higher in cases (p<0.05).