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Pilot personality and crew coordination: implications for training and selection.
Int J Aviat Psychol. 1991; 1(1):25-44.IJ

Abstract

The performance of pilots can be construed as a product of skill, attitude, and personality factors. Although a great deal of effort within the aviation community has been focused on ensuring technical expertise, and new efforts highlight attitudes associated with crew coordination, personality factors have been relatively unexplored. Further, it is argued that past failures to find linkages between personality and performance were due to a combination of inadequate statistical modeling, premature performance evaluation, and/or the reliance on data gathered in contrived as opposed to realistic situations. The goal of the research presented in this article is to isolate subgroups of pilots along performance-related personality dimensions and to document limits on the impact of crew coordination training between the groups. Two samples of military pilots were surveyed in the context of training in crew coordination. Three different profiles were identified through cluster analysis of personality scales. These clusters replicated across samples and predicted attitude change following training in crew coordination.

Authors+Show Affiliations

NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11539104

Citation

Chidester, T R., et al. "Pilot Personality and Crew Coordination: Implications for Training and Selection." The International Journal of Aviation Psychology, vol. 1, no. 1, 1991, pp. 25-44.
Chidester TR, Helmreich RL, Gregorich SE, et al. Pilot personality and crew coordination: implications for training and selection. Int J Aviat Psychol. 1991;1(1):25-44.
Chidester, T. R., Helmreich, R. L., Gregorich, S. E., & Geis, C. E. (1991). Pilot personality and crew coordination: implications for training and selection. The International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 1(1), 25-44.
Chidester TR, et al. Pilot Personality and Crew Coordination: Implications for Training and Selection. Int J Aviat Psychol. 1991;1(1):25-44. PubMed PMID: 11539104.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pilot personality and crew coordination: implications for training and selection. AU - Chidester,T R, AU - Helmreich,R L, AU - Gregorich,S E, AU - Geis,C E, PY - 1991/1/1/pubmed PY - 2001/9/11/medline PY - 1991/1/1/entrez KW - NASA Discipline Number 06-10 KW - NASA Discipline Space Human Factors KW - NASA Program Space Human Factors KW - Non-NASA Center SP - 25 EP - 44 JF - The International journal of aviation psychology JO - Int J Aviat Psychol VL - 1 IS - 1 N2 - The performance of pilots can be construed as a product of skill, attitude, and personality factors. Although a great deal of effort within the aviation community has been focused on ensuring technical expertise, and new efforts highlight attitudes associated with crew coordination, personality factors have been relatively unexplored. Further, it is argued that past failures to find linkages between personality and performance were due to a combination of inadequate statistical modeling, premature performance evaluation, and/or the reliance on data gathered in contrived as opposed to realistic situations. The goal of the research presented in this article is to isolate subgroups of pilots along performance-related personality dimensions and to document limits on the impact of crew coordination training between the groups. Two samples of military pilots were surveyed in the context of training in crew coordination. Three different profiles were identified through cluster analysis of personality scales. These clusters replicated across samples and predicted attitude change following training in crew coordination. SN - 1050-8414 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11539104/Pilot_personality_and_crew_coordination:_implications_for_training_and_selection_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/veteransandmilitaryhealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -