Direct electrochemical determination of pyruvate in human sweat by capillary zone electrophoresis.Electrophoresis. 2001 Aug; 22(13):2793-6.E
Capillary zone electrophoresis was employed for the determination of pyruvate in human sweat using electrochemical detection with a carbon fiber microdisk bundle electrode at a constant potential of 1.60 V vs. saturated calomel electrode. The optimum separation conditions are 3.6 x 10(-3) mol/L Na2HPO4-1.4 x 10(-3) mol/L NaH2PO4 (pH 7.2) for the buffer solution, and 18 kV for the separation voltage. The limits of detection of pyruvate are 8.0 x 10(-6) mol/L or 24 fmol (S/N = 3) for the injection voltage of 6 kV and the injection time of 10 s. The relative standard deviation is 2.0% for the migration time and 5.7% for the electrophoretic peak current. The method was applied to determining pyruvate in human sweat.