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Infant affective responses to mother's still face at 6 months differentially predict externalizing and internalizing behaviors at 18 months.
Dev Psychol. 2001 Sep; 37(5):706-14.DP

Abstract

This study investigated (a) stability and change in infant affective responses to the still-face interaction, (b) whether maternal depression affected infant responses, and (c) whether responses to the still-face interaction predicted toddler problem behaviors. Infants (63 girls and 66 boys) of European American mothers (67 depressed and 62 nondepressed) were observed in the still-face interaction at 2, 4, and 6 months. Affect and gaze were coded on a 1-s time base. There were stable individual differences in gazing away and in rates of negative affect. Developmental change occurred only for gazing away, which increased. At 18 months, infants who failed to smile at 6 months in the still-face interaction showed more externalizing-type behaviors than did other toddlers. Infants who failed to cry at 6 months showed fewer internalizing-type behaviors. Mothers' current depressive symptoms and infants' earlier responses to the still-face interaction made independent, comparable contributions to problem behaviors at 18 months.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA. gmoore@duke.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11552765

Citation

Moore, G A., et al. "Infant Affective Responses to Mother's Still Face at 6 Months Differentially Predict Externalizing and Internalizing Behaviors at 18 Months." Developmental Psychology, vol. 37, no. 5, 2001, pp. 706-14.
Moore GA, Cohn JF, Campbell SB. Infant affective responses to mother's still face at 6 months differentially predict externalizing and internalizing behaviors at 18 months. Dev Psychol. 2001;37(5):706-14.
Moore, G. A., Cohn, J. F., & Campbell, S. B. (2001). Infant affective responses to mother's still face at 6 months differentially predict externalizing and internalizing behaviors at 18 months. Developmental Psychology, 37(5), 706-14.
Moore GA, Cohn JF, Campbell SB. Infant Affective Responses to Mother's Still Face at 6 Months Differentially Predict Externalizing and Internalizing Behaviors at 18 Months. Dev Psychol. 2001;37(5):706-14. PubMed PMID: 11552765.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Infant affective responses to mother's still face at 6 months differentially predict externalizing and internalizing behaviors at 18 months. AU - Moore,G A, AU - Cohn,J F, AU - Campbell,S B, PY - 2001/9/13/pubmed PY - 2002/2/20/medline PY - 2001/9/13/entrez SP - 706 EP - 14 JF - Developmental psychology JO - Dev Psychol VL - 37 IS - 5 N2 - This study investigated (a) stability and change in infant affective responses to the still-face interaction, (b) whether maternal depression affected infant responses, and (c) whether responses to the still-face interaction predicted toddler problem behaviors. Infants (63 girls and 66 boys) of European American mothers (67 depressed and 62 nondepressed) were observed in the still-face interaction at 2, 4, and 6 months. Affect and gaze were coded on a 1-s time base. There were stable individual differences in gazing away and in rates of negative affect. Developmental change occurred only for gazing away, which increased. At 18 months, infants who failed to smile at 6 months in the still-face interaction showed more externalizing-type behaviors than did other toddlers. Infants who failed to cry at 6 months showed fewer internalizing-type behaviors. Mothers' current depressive symptoms and infants' earlier responses to the still-face interaction made independent, comparable contributions to problem behaviors at 18 months. SN - 0012-1649 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11552765/Infant_affective_responses_to_mother's_still_face_at_6_months_differentially_predict_externalizing_and_internalizing_behaviors_at_18_months_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/dev/37/5/706 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -