A comparison of the anti-anaphylactic activities of salbutamol and disodium cromoglycate in the rat, the rat mast cell and in human lung tissue.Br J Pharmacol. 1979 Sep; 67(1):23-32.BJ
1 Salbutamol and disodium cromoglycate were compared for anti-anaphylactic activity against passive anaphylaxis in rat skin and peritoneum in vivo and in rat mast cells and human lung fragments in vitro.2 Salbutamol administered intravenously to rats inhibited cutaneous anaphylaxis, but also inhibited cutaneous responses to histamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine. Salbutamol administered intraperitoneally inhibited the release of slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A) but not the release of histamine in the peritoneum. It was a very weak inhibitor of histamine release from rat mast cells in vitro.3 Disodium cromoglycate administered intravenously to rats inhibited cutaneous anaphylaxis. Disodium cromoglycate administered intraperitoneally to rats inhibited the release of histamine and, to a lesser extent, SRS-A in the peritoneum. It was an effective but short-acting inhibitor of histamine release from rat mast cells in vitro.4 Salbutamol was a potent inhibitor of the anaphylactic release of histamine and SRS-A from fragments of human lung.5 Disodium cromoglycate was a weak inhibitor of the anaphylactic release of histamine and SRS-A from fragments of human lung. The inhibition was variable and not dose-related.6 The concentration of salbutamol required to inhibit anaphylaxis in human lung is of the same order as that required to relax human bronchial muscle. It is suggested that salbutamol may be more effective in allergic asthma if given in a prophylactic regimen.