Differences between T-cell reactivities to major myelin protein-derived peptides in opticospinal and conventional forms of multiple sclerosis and healthy controls.Tissue Antigens 2001; 57(5):447-56TA
In Japanese, susceptibility to the conventional form of multiple sclerosis (C-MS) is associated with the HLA-DRB1*1501-DRB5*0101 haplotype while susceptibility to the opticospinal form of MS (OS-MS) is associated with HLA-DPA1*0202-DPB1*0501. To clarify the characteristics of T cells autoreactive to myelin proteins in each MS subtype, we established T-cell lines reactive to such myelin antigens as myelin basic protein (MBP), proteolipid protein (PLP) and myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) from 5 of 10 OS-MS patients, 6 of 11 C-MS patients and 7 of 13 healthy controls (HCs), and T-cell epitopes and their restriction molecules were determined. We found that (a) intermolecular epitope spreading was found to be significantly more frequent in MS patients than in HCs (P=0.0128), (b) intramolecular epitope spreading also tended to occur more frequently in MS patients than in HCs (P=0.0584), (c) in OS-MS, HLA-DR-restricted and MOG-autoreactive T cells were more frequently established as compared with those reactive to MBP or PLP epitopes and (d) in C-MS, HLA-DQ-restricted and PLP-autoreactive T cells dominated those autoreactive to MBP or MOG epitopes. A DPB1*0501-restricted MBP-reactive T-cell clone from a patient with OS-MS provided evidence that the first HLA class II anchor amino acid of peptide bound to disease-susceptible DP5 molecule was distinct from that for the DR2 molecule. Taken together, these differences in specificities of myelin-autoreactive T cells between C-MS and OS-MS as well as the difference in the anchor motif of the binding peptides between each MS subtype-susceptible HLA class II molecule may contribute to the development of distinct clinical phenotypes.