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Atopic diseases among schoolchildren in Nikel, Russia, an Arctic area with heavy air pollution.
Acta Derm Venereol 2001 Jun-Jul; 81(3):198-201AD

Abstract

The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence rate of atopic diseases among schoolchildren living in the heavily polluted Arctic town of Nikel, Russia. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to the parents of 1,800 children aged 8-17 years, 1,684 of whom (93.6%) completed and returned the questionnaire. Atopic diseases were reported in 508 (30.2%) of the children and prevalence was similar for both sexes. Atopic dermatitis occurred most frequently (15.5%), followed by allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (13.9%) and asthma (3.9%). The most pronounced influence on atopic diseases in children was having parents with asthma. Indoor dampness was a significant risk factor eliciting atopic diseases, whereas furred pets, passive smoking and carpets did not influence the prevalence of allergy. We conclude that although atopic diseases are a common health problem in Nikel, they are less prevalent than has been reported in recent studies of Northern European countries. Air pollution does not seem to be a major risk factor for the development of atopic diseases.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology and Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromsø, Norway.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11558877

Citation

Dotterud, L K., et al. "Atopic Diseases Among Schoolchildren in Nikel, Russia, an Arctic Area With Heavy Air Pollution." Acta Dermato-venereologica, vol. 81, no. 3, 2001, pp. 198-201.
Dotterud LK, Odland JO, Falk ES. Atopic diseases among schoolchildren in Nikel, Russia, an Arctic area with heavy air pollution. Acta Derm Venereol. 2001;81(3):198-201.
Dotterud, L. K., Odland, J. O., & Falk, E. S. (2001). Atopic diseases among schoolchildren in Nikel, Russia, an Arctic area with heavy air pollution. Acta Dermato-venereologica, 81(3), pp. 198-201.
Dotterud LK, Odland JO, Falk ES. Atopic Diseases Among Schoolchildren in Nikel, Russia, an Arctic Area With Heavy Air Pollution. Acta Derm Venereol. 2001;81(3):198-201. PubMed PMID: 11558877.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Atopic diseases among schoolchildren in Nikel, Russia, an Arctic area with heavy air pollution. AU - Dotterud,L K, AU - Odland,J O, AU - Falk,E S, PY - 2001/9/18/pubmed PY - 2002/1/10/medline PY - 2001/9/18/entrez SP - 198 EP - 201 JF - Acta dermato-venereologica JO - Acta Derm. Venereol. VL - 81 IS - 3 N2 - The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence rate of atopic diseases among schoolchildren living in the heavily polluted Arctic town of Nikel, Russia. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed to the parents of 1,800 children aged 8-17 years, 1,684 of whom (93.6%) completed and returned the questionnaire. Atopic diseases were reported in 508 (30.2%) of the children and prevalence was similar for both sexes. Atopic dermatitis occurred most frequently (15.5%), followed by allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (13.9%) and asthma (3.9%). The most pronounced influence on atopic diseases in children was having parents with asthma. Indoor dampness was a significant risk factor eliciting atopic diseases, whereas furred pets, passive smoking and carpets did not influence the prevalence of allergy. We conclude that although atopic diseases are a common health problem in Nikel, they are less prevalent than has been reported in recent studies of Northern European countries. Air pollution does not seem to be a major risk factor for the development of atopic diseases. SN - 0001-5555 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11558877/Atopic_diseases_among_schoolchildren_in_Nikel_Russia_an_Arctic_area_with_heavy_air_pollution_ L2 - https://www.medicaljournals.se/acta/content/abstract/10.1080/000155501750376302 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -