Prolonged exercise following diuretic-induced hypohydration effects on fluid and electrolyte hormones.Horm Metab Res. 2001 Sep; 33(9):540-7.HM
To investigate the hypothesis that a reduction in plasma volume (PV) induced by diuretic administration would result in an increase in the fluid and electrolyte hormonal response to exercise, ten untrained males (VO(2) peak = 3.96 +/- 0.14 l/min) performed 60 min of cycle ergometry at 61 % VO(2) peak twice. The test was carried out once under control conditions (CON) (placebo) and once after 4 days of diuretic administration (DIU) (Novotriamazide; 100 mg triamterene and 50 mg hydrochlorothiazide). Calculated resting PV decreased by 14.6 +/- 3.3 % (p < 0.05) with DIU. No difference in plasma osmolality was observed between conditions. For the hormones measured, differences (p < 0.05) between conditions at rest were noted for plasma renin activity (PRA) (0.62 +/- 0.09 vs. 5.61 +/- 0.94 ng/ml/h), angiotensin I (ANG 1) (0.26 +/- 0.03 vs. 0.56 +/- 0.08 ng/ml), aldosterone (ALD) (143 +/- 14 vs. 1603 +/- 302 pg/ml), arginine vasopressin (AVP) (4.13 +/- 1.1 vs. 9.58 +/- 1.6 pg/ml) and atrial natriuretic peptide (alpha-ANP) (11.5 +/- 2.8 vs. 6.33 +/- 1.0 pg/ml). The exercise resulted in increases (p < 0.05) in PRA, ANG I, ALD, AVP, alpha-ANP. DIU led to higher levels of PRA, ANG I, and ALD (p < 0.05) and lower levels of alpha-ANP (p < 0.05) compared to CON. Arginine vasopressin was not affected by the loss of PV. For the catecholamines--norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (EPI)--only NE was higher during exercise with DIU compared to CON (p < 0.05). For PRA and ALD, the higher levels observed during exercise with DIU could be explained both by higher resting levels and a greater increase during exercise itself. For ANG I and NE, the effect of DIU only manifested itself during exercise. In contrast, the lower alpha-ANP observed during exercise with DIU was due to the lower resting levels. These results support the hypotheses that hypohydration leads to alterations in the secretion of all of the fluid and electrolyte hormones with the exception of AVP. The specific mechanisms of these alterations remain unclear, but appear to be related directly to the decrease in PV.