Long-term inhibition of nitric oxide synthase potentiates effects of anandamide in the rat mesenteric bed.Eur J Pharmacol. 2001 Sep 21; 427(3):251-62.EJ
In rat isolated mesenteric beds, anandamide induced a concentration-dependent reduction (0.01-50 microM) of the contractile responses elicited by bolus administration of noradrenaline. The anandamide-induced reductions of noradrenaline responses were unmodified by the in vitro exposure to the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, 100 microM L-N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), whereas they were significantly potentiated after the long-term in vivo administration of L-NAME (70 mg/kg/day during 4 weeks). Responses to anandamide were not potentiated and even reduced in mesenteric beds from rats made hypertensive by aortic coarctation. In mesenteric beds isolated from either untreated or in vivo L-NAME treated rats, concentration-response curves to anandamide were significantly attenuated by the non-selective K+ channel blocker tetraethylammonium (TEA) but were not modified by either endothelium removal, or the soluble guanylate cyclase inhibitor 1H-[1,2,4] oxadiazolo [4,3-a] quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ) or the cannabinoid receptor antagonists 6-iodo-2-methyl-1-[2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl]-1H-indol-3-yl] (4-methoxyphenyl) methanone (AM630) and 1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-5-(4-iodophenyl)-4-methyl-N-4-morpholinyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide (AM281). On the other hand, the vanilloid receptor agonist (E)-N-[4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-8-methyl-6-nonenamide (capsaicin) induced a concentration-dependent inhibition of noradrenaline-induced vasoconstriction, and the vanilloid receptor antagonist N-[2-(4-chlorophenyl)ethyl]-1,3,4,5-tetrahydro-7,8-dihydroxy-2H-2-benzazepine-2-carbothioamide (capsazepine) caused a significant reduction of anandamide-induced responses in mesenteric beds isolated from both control and chronic L-NAME treated rats. The non-metabolizable analogue of anandamide, methanandamide, produced higher reductions of noradrenaline responses than anandamide in mesenteric beds isolated from controls but not from the L-NAME treated rats. Moreover, in mesenteric beds from untreated but not from L-NAME treated rats, the effects of anandamide were significantly potentiated by the inhibitor of endocannabinoid degradation, 200 microM phenylmethylsulphonyl fluoride (PMSF), and by the inhibitor of anandamide uptake, 5 microM (all Z)-N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenamide (AM404). It is concluded that long-term inhibition of NOS potentiates anandamide-induced relaxations probably through changes in either endocannabinoid metabolism or uptake. A possible compensatory role for endocannabinoids in vascular function in situations in which nitric oxide (NO) synthesis is long-term impaired arises from the present results.