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Superior formation of cortical memory traces for melodic patterns in musicians.
Learn Mem. 2001 Sep-Oct; 8(5):295-300.LM

Abstract

The human central auditory system has a remarkable ability to establish memory traces for invariant features in the acoustic environment despite continual acoustic variations in the sounds heard. By recording the memory-related mismatch negativity (MMN) component of the auditory electric and magnetic brain responses as well as behavioral performance, we investigated how subjects learn to discriminate changes in a melodic pattern presented at several frequency levels. In addition, we explored whether musical expertise facilitates this learning. Our data show that especially musicians who perform music primarily without a score learn easily to detect contour changes in a melodic pattern presented at variable frequency levels. After learning, their auditory cortex detects these changes even when their attention is directed away from the sounds. The present results thus show that, after perceptual learning during attentive listening has taken place, changes in a highly complex auditory pattern can be detected automatically by the human auditory cortex and, further, that this process is facilitated by musical expertise.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland. mari.tervaniemi@helsinki.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11584077

Citation

Tervaniemi, M, et al. "Superior Formation of Cortical Memory Traces for Melodic Patterns in Musicians." Learning & Memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.), vol. 8, no. 5, 2001, pp. 295-300.
Tervaniemi M, Rytkönen M, Schröger E, et al. Superior formation of cortical memory traces for melodic patterns in musicians. Learn Mem. 2001;8(5):295-300.
Tervaniemi, M., Rytkönen, M., Schröger, E., Ilmoniemi, R. J., & Näätänen, R. (2001). Superior formation of cortical memory traces for melodic patterns in musicians. Learning & Memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.), 8(5), 295-300.
Tervaniemi M, et al. Superior Formation of Cortical Memory Traces for Melodic Patterns in Musicians. Learn Mem. 2001 Sep-Oct;8(5):295-300. PubMed PMID: 11584077.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Superior formation of cortical memory traces for melodic patterns in musicians. AU - Tervaniemi,M, AU - Rytkönen,M, AU - Schröger,E, AU - Ilmoniemi,R J, AU - Näätänen,R, PY - 2001/10/5/pubmed PY - 2002/1/5/medline PY - 2001/10/5/entrez SP - 295 EP - 300 JF - Learning & memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.) JO - Learn Mem VL - 8 IS - 5 N2 - The human central auditory system has a remarkable ability to establish memory traces for invariant features in the acoustic environment despite continual acoustic variations in the sounds heard. By recording the memory-related mismatch negativity (MMN) component of the auditory electric and magnetic brain responses as well as behavioral performance, we investigated how subjects learn to discriminate changes in a melodic pattern presented at several frequency levels. In addition, we explored whether musical expertise facilitates this learning. Our data show that especially musicians who perform music primarily without a score learn easily to detect contour changes in a melodic pattern presented at variable frequency levels. After learning, their auditory cortex detects these changes even when their attention is directed away from the sounds. The present results thus show that, after perceptual learning during attentive listening has taken place, changes in a highly complex auditory pattern can be detected automatically by the human auditory cortex and, further, that this process is facilitated by musical expertise. SN - 1072-0502 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11584077/Superior_formation_of_cortical_memory_traces_for_melodic_patterns_in_musicians_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/11584077/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -