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Giessen Wholesome Nutrition Study: relation between a health-conscious diet and blood lipids.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2001 Oct; 55(10):887-95.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To study in humans the relationship between a diet consistent with most of the current recommendations for the prevention of nutrition-related diseases (Wholesome Nutrition) and the blood lipid profile (total cholesterol, LDL-, HDL-cholesterol, LDL/HDL-ratio, triglycerides).

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study with two diet groups.

SETTING

Former West Germany.

SUBJECTS

Healthy women (n=243, aged 25-65 y) adhering to Wholesome Nutrition for at least 5 y (subdivided into 111 ovo-lacto vegetarians and 132 low-meat eaters) and an according control group of 175 women eating an average German mixed diet. They were all recruited through an advertisement campaign and selected on the basis of their food consumption.

RESULTS

Considering potential confounders, the Wholesome Nutrition subgroups had higher HDL-cholesterol levels than the control group. No differences were observed for total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol. For LDL/HDL-ratio and triglycerides the effect of diet was dependent on interaction terms. With increasing risk factors (age or body mass index (BMI)) the Wholesome Nutrition subgroups showed more favourable blood lipids.

CONCLUSIONS

Women eating a preventive diet on a long-term basis exhibit more favourable blood lipid profiles than women consuming an average mixed diet. This is particularly obvious for HDL-cholesterol in the presence of certain risk factors and when an ovo-lacto vegetarian version is practised.

SPONSORSHIP

Eden Foundation, Bad Soden, Germany.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Nutrition Science, University of Giessen, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11593351

Citation

Hoffmann, I, et al. "Giessen Wholesome Nutrition Study: Relation Between a Health-conscious Diet and Blood Lipids." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 55, no. 10, 2001, pp. 887-95.
Hoffmann I, Groeneveld MJ, Boeing H, et al. Giessen Wholesome Nutrition Study: relation between a health-conscious diet and blood lipids. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2001;55(10):887-95.
Hoffmann, I., Groeneveld, M. J., Boeing, H., Koebnick, C., Golf, S., Katz, N., & Leitzmann, C. (2001). Giessen Wholesome Nutrition Study: relation between a health-conscious diet and blood lipids. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 55(10), 887-95.
Hoffmann I, et al. Giessen Wholesome Nutrition Study: Relation Between a Health-conscious Diet and Blood Lipids. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2001;55(10):887-95. PubMed PMID: 11593351.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Giessen Wholesome Nutrition Study: relation between a health-conscious diet and blood lipids. AU - Hoffmann,I, AU - Groeneveld,M J, AU - Boeing,H, AU - Koebnick,C, AU - Golf,S, AU - Katz,N, AU - Leitzmann,C, PY - 2000/01/10/received PY - 2001/03/23/revised PY - 2001/03/30/accepted PY - 2001/10/11/pubmed PY - 2001/11/3/medline PY - 2001/10/11/entrez SP - 887 EP - 95 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 55 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To study in humans the relationship between a diet consistent with most of the current recommendations for the prevention of nutrition-related diseases (Wholesome Nutrition) and the blood lipid profile (total cholesterol, LDL-, HDL-cholesterol, LDL/HDL-ratio, triglycerides). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with two diet groups. SETTING: Former West Germany. SUBJECTS: Healthy women (n=243, aged 25-65 y) adhering to Wholesome Nutrition for at least 5 y (subdivided into 111 ovo-lacto vegetarians and 132 low-meat eaters) and an according control group of 175 women eating an average German mixed diet. They were all recruited through an advertisement campaign and selected on the basis of their food consumption. RESULTS: Considering potential confounders, the Wholesome Nutrition subgroups had higher HDL-cholesterol levels than the control group. No differences were observed for total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol. For LDL/HDL-ratio and triglycerides the effect of diet was dependent on interaction terms. With increasing risk factors (age or body mass index (BMI)) the Wholesome Nutrition subgroups showed more favourable blood lipids. CONCLUSIONS: Women eating a preventive diet on a long-term basis exhibit more favourable blood lipid profiles than women consuming an average mixed diet. This is particularly obvious for HDL-cholesterol in the presence of certain risk factors and when an ovo-lacto vegetarian version is practised. SPONSORSHIP: Eden Foundation, Bad Soden, Germany. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11593351/Giessen_Wholesome_Nutrition_Study:_relation_between_a_health_conscious_diet_and_blood_lipids_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601243 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -