Clinical characteristics of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in Taiwan.J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2001 Sep; 34(3):211-4.JM
This study aimed to investigate the clinical features of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis among Taiwan children. The medical records of 228 children who had juvenile rheumatoid arthritis treated in the Chang Gung Medical Center in Taiwan from 1978 through 1998 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 146 boys and 82 girls (M:F ratio, 1.8:1) were included in this study. Clinical and laboratory data of these patients were collected from medical charts. Pauciarticular onset (56%) was the most common type of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, followed by polyarticular (36%) and systemic (8%) type. The positive rate for rheumatoid factor, human leukocyte antigen B27, and antinuclear antibody were 9.2%, 55.2%, and 16.2%, respectively. Uveitis was observed in 5.7% of patients. Compared with previous reports in other regions and populations, remarkably different features of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis were found in this study, which included a higher prevalence among boys than girls, a high positive rate of human leukocyte antigen B27, and a low rate of uveitis.