[Psychoanalysis in Germany under nazi rule: the adjustment to the institution and the relationships between Jewish and non-Jewish psychoanalysts].Rev Int Hist Psychanal. 1988; 1:95-108.RI
The process of institutional adaptation of the German Psychoanalytic Society (Deutsche Psychoanalytische Gesellschaft--D.P.G.) to National Socialism and the relationship between Jewish and non-Jewish psychoanalysts are described step by step. In a second paragraph, based on new documents, the "case of Edith Jacobson" is represented, and a dilemma of the I.P.A. regarding National Socialism shown. In a last paragraph the struggle between defense, return of the repressed and remembrance is developed from institutional reconstruction of both psychotherapy and psychoanalysis, the founding of the German Psychoanalytical Association (Deutsche Psychoanalytische Vereinigung--D.P.V.) in 1950, its separation from the D.P.G., and group processes within the D.P.V. before the Hamburg Congress.