Chronic idiopathic urticaria treatment.Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2001 Jul-Aug; 29(4):129-32.AI
Chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) is a common skin condition that affects 0.1-3 % of people in the USA and Europe and accounts for nearly 75 % of all chronic urticaria cases. Up to 40 % of patients who have chronic urticaria for more than 6 months still have urticarial wheals 10 years later. The therapeutic management should first be oriented towards palliation of symptoms. A 2 % solution of ephedrine as a local spray is very useful for oropharyngeal edema. H1 antihistamines with a low potential for sedation are the most important first-line treatment. Combinations of various antihistamines may be useful in suppressing symptomatology. These include: a) First generation H1 antihistamines; b) Combinations of first and second generations using non-sedating agents in the morning and first generation drugs at night; c) Combinations of second generation antihistamines; d) Combination of doxepin with a first or second generation antihistamine; e) Combination of an H2 anti-receptor antihistamine (eg, cimetidine or ranitidine) with a first or second generation antihistamine. Preliminary reports suggest that desloratadine and anti-leukotrienes may be effective in treating some patients with chronic idiopathic urticaria.