Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Anemia in children.
Am Fam Physician 2001; 64(8):1379-86AF

Abstract

Anemia in children is commonly encountered by the family physician. Multiple causes exist, but with a thorough history, a physical examination and limited laboratory evaluation a specific diagnosis can usually be established. The use of the mean corpuscular volume to classify the anemia as microcytic, normocytic or macrocytic is a standard diagnostic approach. The most common form of microcytic anemia is iron deficiency caused by reduced dietary intake. It is easily treatable with supplemental iron and early intervention may prevent later loss of cognitive function. Less common causes of microcytosis are thalassemia and lead poisoning. Normocytic anemia has many causes, making the diagnosis more difficult. The reticulocyte count will help narrow the differential diagnosis; however, additional testing may be necessary to rule out hemolysis, hemoglobinopathies, membrane defects and enzymopathies. Macrocytic anemia may be caused by a deficiency of folic acid and/or vitamin B12, hypothyroidism and liver disease. This form of anemia is uncommon in children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Lancaster General Hospital, Pennsylvania, USA. irwinjj@POL.NET

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11681780

Citation

Irwin, J J., and J T. Kirchner. "Anemia in Children." American Family Physician, vol. 64, no. 8, 2001, pp. 1379-86.
Irwin JJ, Kirchner JT. Anemia in children. Am Fam Physician. 2001;64(8):1379-86.
Irwin, J. J., & Kirchner, J. T. (2001). Anemia in children. American Family Physician, 64(8), pp. 1379-86.
Irwin JJ, Kirchner JT. Anemia in Children. Am Fam Physician. 2001 Oct 15;64(8):1379-86. PubMed PMID: 11681780.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anemia in children. AU - Irwin,J J, AU - Kirchner,J T, PY - 2001/10/30/pubmed PY - 2002/1/5/medline PY - 2001/10/30/entrez SP - 1379 EP - 86 JF - American family physician JO - Am Fam Physician VL - 64 IS - 8 N2 - Anemia in children is commonly encountered by the family physician. Multiple causes exist, but with a thorough history, a physical examination and limited laboratory evaluation a specific diagnosis can usually be established. The use of the mean corpuscular volume to classify the anemia as microcytic, normocytic or macrocytic is a standard diagnostic approach. The most common form of microcytic anemia is iron deficiency caused by reduced dietary intake. It is easily treatable with supplemental iron and early intervention may prevent later loss of cognitive function. Less common causes of microcytosis are thalassemia and lead poisoning. Normocytic anemia has many causes, making the diagnosis more difficult. The reticulocyte count will help narrow the differential diagnosis; however, additional testing may be necessary to rule out hemolysis, hemoglobinopathies, membrane defects and enzymopathies. Macrocytic anemia may be caused by a deficiency of folic acid and/or vitamin B12, hypothyroidism and liver disease. This form of anemia is uncommon in children. SN - 0002-838X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11681780/Anemia_in_children_ L2 - http://www.aafp.org/link_out?pmid=11681780 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -