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Simultaneous cerebral and spinal fluid pressure recordings in surgical indications of the Chiari malformation without myelodysplasia.
Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2001 Sep; 143(9):909-17; discussion 918.AN

Abstract

Patients with Chiari's malformation without myelodysplasia often suffer from another associated spinal cord lesion--syringomyelia. A condition entirely overriding the clinical picture, affecting adversely the results of surgery as well as the prognosis of this congenital developmental defect. Proceeding from the results of their surgical treatment of 40 patients with hindbrain malformation, the authors recommend, in accordance with the literature, a different approach to and classification of patients depending on the presence of syringomyelia (A/B classification; A: syringomyelia on MR--present, B: absent). The pathological development of the syrinx is caused by obstruction to the natural CSF circulation in the subarachnoid spaces of the craniocervical junction (Williams' dissociation theory). The authors are convinced that routine (static) imaging methods (CT, MR) cannot prove the presence or behaviour of a CSF block, and that they cannot help choose reliably the optimum type of treatment. In contrast, direct measurement (and monitoring) of CSF pressure in different compartments of the CSF pathways (intracranial/intraspinal compartment, i.e., in front of and beyond the suspected block) are a method which can help ascertain with precision the presence and behaviour of a CSF circulatory block, and which also provides dynamic information on such a block during the diurnal rhythm for a period of several days. The authors present the results of a prospective study of 25 patients with hindbrain malformation and describe a technique of parallel monitoring of the two CSF compartments using an adaptation of the Williams method, as well as two different types of dissociation tests designed to prove the presence of a CSF block. CSF flow obstruction was found in 11 patients, in 14 patients it could not be proved. In 8 out of 9 patients with a fully developed syrinx (group A) the block was found as expected. It was, however, diagnosed also in 3 patients until then without any graphic proof of a syrinx (group B). The authors also report on short-term (3-year) results of surgical treatment in patients with rhombencephalic malformation, who had 2 different modes of treatment indicated on the basis of dissociation test results. The advantages and disadvantages are discussed of direct measurement and parallel monitoring of CSF in comparison with radiological methods; emphasis is laid on inevitable radicality in the recanalization of CSF passages in patients with well established CSF blocks.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurosurgery, First Medical School Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11685623

Citation

Häckel, M, et al. "Simultaneous Cerebral and Spinal Fluid Pressure Recordings in Surgical Indications of the Chiari Malformation Without Myelodysplasia." Acta Neurochirurgica, vol. 143, no. 9, 2001, pp. 909-17; discussion 918.
Häckel M, Benes V, Mohapl M. Simultaneous cerebral and spinal fluid pressure recordings in surgical indications of the Chiari malformation without myelodysplasia. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2001;143(9):909-17; discussion 918.
Häckel, M., Benes, V., & Mohapl, M. (2001). Simultaneous cerebral and spinal fluid pressure recordings in surgical indications of the Chiari malformation without myelodysplasia. Acta Neurochirurgica, 143(9), 909-17; discussion 918.
Häckel M, Benes V, Mohapl M. Simultaneous Cerebral and Spinal Fluid Pressure Recordings in Surgical Indications of the Chiari Malformation Without Myelodysplasia. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2001;143(9):909-17; discussion 918. PubMed PMID: 11685623.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Simultaneous cerebral and spinal fluid pressure recordings in surgical indications of the Chiari malformation without myelodysplasia. AU - Häckel,M, AU - Benes,V, AU - Mohapl,M, PY - 2001/10/31/pubmed PY - 2002/1/5/medline PY - 2001/10/31/entrez SP - 909-17; discussion 918 JF - Acta neurochirurgica JO - Acta Neurochir (Wien) VL - 143 IS - 9 N2 - Patients with Chiari's malformation without myelodysplasia often suffer from another associated spinal cord lesion--syringomyelia. A condition entirely overriding the clinical picture, affecting adversely the results of surgery as well as the prognosis of this congenital developmental defect. Proceeding from the results of their surgical treatment of 40 patients with hindbrain malformation, the authors recommend, in accordance with the literature, a different approach to and classification of patients depending on the presence of syringomyelia (A/B classification; A: syringomyelia on MR--present, B: absent). The pathological development of the syrinx is caused by obstruction to the natural CSF circulation in the subarachnoid spaces of the craniocervical junction (Williams' dissociation theory). The authors are convinced that routine (static) imaging methods (CT, MR) cannot prove the presence or behaviour of a CSF block, and that they cannot help choose reliably the optimum type of treatment. In contrast, direct measurement (and monitoring) of CSF pressure in different compartments of the CSF pathways (intracranial/intraspinal compartment, i.e., in front of and beyond the suspected block) are a method which can help ascertain with precision the presence and behaviour of a CSF circulatory block, and which also provides dynamic information on such a block during the diurnal rhythm for a period of several days. The authors present the results of a prospective study of 25 patients with hindbrain malformation and describe a technique of parallel monitoring of the two CSF compartments using an adaptation of the Williams method, as well as two different types of dissociation tests designed to prove the presence of a CSF block. CSF flow obstruction was found in 11 patients, in 14 patients it could not be proved. In 8 out of 9 patients with a fully developed syrinx (group A) the block was found as expected. It was, however, diagnosed also in 3 patients until then without any graphic proof of a syrinx (group B). The authors also report on short-term (3-year) results of surgical treatment in patients with rhombencephalic malformation, who had 2 different modes of treatment indicated on the basis of dissociation test results. The advantages and disadvantages are discussed of direct measurement and parallel monitoring of CSF in comparison with radiological methods; emphasis is laid on inevitable radicality in the recanalization of CSF passages in patients with well established CSF blocks. SN - 0001-6268 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11685623/Simultaneous_cerebral_and_spinal_fluid_pressure_recordings_in_surgical_indications_of_the_Chiari_malformation_without_myelodysplasia_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s007010170021 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -