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The cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist SR 141716A reverses the antiemetic and motor depressant actions of WIN 55, 212-2.
Eur J Pharmacol 2001; 430(1):49-58EJ

Abstract

The dibenzopyran cannabinoids (delta-9 (Delta9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and nabilone) are clinically used to suppress nausea and vomiting produced by chemotherapeutic agents such as cisplatin. The purpose of this investigation was to investigate the antiemetic potential of the aminoalkylindole cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55, 212-2 [R(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(morpholinyl) methyl] pyrolol [1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-yl]-(1-naphthalenyl) methanone mesylate] against cisplatin-induced vomiting. Different doses of WIN 55, 212-2 (0, 1, 2.5 and 5 mg/kg, i.p.) reduced both the frequency of cisplatin (20 mg/kg, i.p.)-induced emesis (ID(50)=0.5 mg/kg) as well as the percentage of shrews vomiting (ID50=1.2 mg/kg) in a dose-dependent manner. Significant reductions in emesis frequency occurred from 2.5 mg/kg dose of WIN 55, 212-2, whereas significant total protection from vomiting was afforded at its 5 mg/kg dose. The antiemetic actions of a 5-mg/kg dose of WIN 55, 212-2 against cisplatin (20 mg/kg, i.p.)-induced vomiting were reversed by nonemetic subcutaneous doses (0, 0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg) of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist/inverse agonist SR 141716A [N-piperidino-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methylpyrazole-3-carboxamide] (ID50=0.27 and 0.47 mg/kg, respectively) but not by a 5-mg/kg dose of the cannabinoid CB2 receptor antagonist SR 144528 [N-[(1S)-endo-1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo [2.2.1] heptan-2-yl]5-(4-chloro-3-methylphenyl)-1-(4-methybenzyl) pyrazole-3-carboxamide]. The effects of the cited doses of WIN 55, 212-2 were also investigated on several motor parameters (spontaneous locomotor activity, duration of movement and rearing frequency). Significant reductions in motor parameters were only observed at its highest tested dose (ID50=1.97, 2.75 and 2.8 mg/kg; respectively). SR 141716A (0, 0.5, 1, 5 and 10 mg/kg) also reversed the motor suppressant effects of a 5-mg/kg dose of WIN 55, 212-2 (ID50=0.39, 0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg, respectively) and significant reversals were seen from its 0.5 and 1 mg/kg doses. These results suggest that WIN 55, 212-2 reduces both emesis and indeces of locomotion via the stimulation of cannabinoid CB1 receptors. However, cannabinoid CB1 receptors in different loci are most likely responsible for the antiemetic and motor suppressive effects of WIN 55, 212-2 since reduction in the frequency of vomiting occurred at lower doses relative to its sedative actions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pharmacology, Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine, KCOM, 800 West Jefferson Street, Kirksville, MO 63501, USA. ndarmani@kcom.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11698062

Citation

Darmani, N A.. "The Cannabinoid CB1 Receptor Antagonist SR 141716A Reverses the Antiemetic and Motor Depressant Actions of WIN 55, 212-2." European Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 430, no. 1, 2001, pp. 49-58.
Darmani NA. The cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist SR 141716A reverses the antiemetic and motor depressant actions of WIN 55, 212-2. Eur J Pharmacol. 2001;430(1):49-58.
Darmani, N. A. (2001). The cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist SR 141716A reverses the antiemetic and motor depressant actions of WIN 55, 212-2. European Journal of Pharmacology, 430(1), pp. 49-58.
Darmani NA. The Cannabinoid CB1 Receptor Antagonist SR 141716A Reverses the Antiemetic and Motor Depressant Actions of WIN 55, 212-2. Eur J Pharmacol. 2001 Oct 26;430(1):49-58. PubMed PMID: 11698062.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist SR 141716A reverses the antiemetic and motor depressant actions of WIN 55, 212-2. A1 - Darmani,N A, PY - 2001/11/8/pubmed PY - 2002/1/5/medline PY - 2001/11/8/entrez SP - 49 EP - 58 JF - European journal of pharmacology JO - Eur. J. Pharmacol. VL - 430 IS - 1 N2 - The dibenzopyran cannabinoids (delta-9 (Delta9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and nabilone) are clinically used to suppress nausea and vomiting produced by chemotherapeutic agents such as cisplatin. The purpose of this investigation was to investigate the antiemetic potential of the aminoalkylindole cannabinoid receptor agonist WIN 55, 212-2 [R(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(morpholinyl) methyl] pyrolol [1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-yl]-(1-naphthalenyl) methanone mesylate] against cisplatin-induced vomiting. Different doses of WIN 55, 212-2 (0, 1, 2.5 and 5 mg/kg, i.p.) reduced both the frequency of cisplatin (20 mg/kg, i.p.)-induced emesis (ID(50)=0.5 mg/kg) as well as the percentage of shrews vomiting (ID50=1.2 mg/kg) in a dose-dependent manner. Significant reductions in emesis frequency occurred from 2.5 mg/kg dose of WIN 55, 212-2, whereas significant total protection from vomiting was afforded at its 5 mg/kg dose. The antiemetic actions of a 5-mg/kg dose of WIN 55, 212-2 against cisplatin (20 mg/kg, i.p.)-induced vomiting were reversed by nonemetic subcutaneous doses (0, 0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg) of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor antagonist/inverse agonist SR 141716A [N-piperidino-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methylpyrazole-3-carboxamide] (ID50=0.27 and 0.47 mg/kg, respectively) but not by a 5-mg/kg dose of the cannabinoid CB2 receptor antagonist SR 144528 [N-[(1S)-endo-1,3,3-trimethylbicyclo [2.2.1] heptan-2-yl]5-(4-chloro-3-methylphenyl)-1-(4-methybenzyl) pyrazole-3-carboxamide]. The effects of the cited doses of WIN 55, 212-2 were also investigated on several motor parameters (spontaneous locomotor activity, duration of movement and rearing frequency). Significant reductions in motor parameters were only observed at its highest tested dose (ID50=1.97, 2.75 and 2.8 mg/kg; respectively). SR 141716A (0, 0.5, 1, 5 and 10 mg/kg) also reversed the motor suppressant effects of a 5-mg/kg dose of WIN 55, 212-2 (ID50=0.39, 0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg, respectively) and significant reversals were seen from its 0.5 and 1 mg/kg doses. These results suggest that WIN 55, 212-2 reduces both emesis and indeces of locomotion via the stimulation of cannabinoid CB1 receptors. However, cannabinoid CB1 receptors in different loci are most likely responsible for the antiemetic and motor suppressive effects of WIN 55, 212-2 since reduction in the frequency of vomiting occurred at lower doses relative to its sedative actions. SN - 0014-2999 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11698062/The_cannabinoid_CB1_receptor_antagonist_SR_141716A_reverses_the_antiemetic_and_motor_depressant_actions_of_WIN_55_212_2_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0014299901013553 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -