CT and MR imaging of acquired abnormalities of the inner ear and cerebellopontine angle.Eur J Radiol. 2001 Nov; 40(2):105-12.EJ
Several entities of acquired lesions may affect the inner ear and cerebellopontine angle. The imaging of these lesions depends on the clinical history, and should be adapted to the lesion searched for and suspected by the otolaryngologist. In this paper, the modality of CT and MR imaging which is suited to delineate the acquired lesions of this region will be presented.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
CT and/or MR imaging of the inner ear and cerebellopontine angle was performed in all cases in which an acquired lesion of this region was suspected by the otolaryngologist. CT was performed in the axial and coronal plane with the use of a high-resolution bone-window-level-setting. MRI was performed in the axial plane using high-resolution 3D T2-weighted fast spin echo sequences and 3D T1-weighted gradient echo sequences before and after the i.v. application of gadopentate dimeglumine. The obtained images were evaluated for the depiction of the acquired lesions.
CT best depicted osseous lesions such as traumatic affections or lesions leading to ossification of the inner ear. Tumorous lesions were delineated in those cases in which they yielded to bony changes. Inflammatory or tumorous lesions not yielding to bony changes or intralabyrintine calicifications were not depicted. MRI delineated very well all lesions leading to soft tissue changes, and moderately depicted traumatic changes yielding to less severe fractures affecting the investigated region.
CT and MR imaging are suited differently to delineate the acquired lesions of the inner ear and cerebellopontine angle. CT is excellently suited to depict osseous lesions, while MRI is excellently suited to delineate lesions affecting the soft tissue structures. These two imaging modalities should be used depending on the clinical question, and are supposed to be complementary methods.