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Are infant crying and maternal responsiveness during the first year related to infant-mother attachment at 15 months?
Attach Hum Dev. 2000 Dec; 2(3):371-91.AH

Abstract

In this longitudinal investigation, Bell and Ainsworth's (1972) Baltimore study on maternal responsiveness, infant crying and infant attachment security was replicated and extended. Each of the 50 families was observed at home during more than 20 hours, and infant crying behavior as well as maternal responses were recorded. Mothers and their infants were observed in the Strange Situation procedure at 15 months of age. Descriptive results showed that infants produced about the same number of crying bouts across the first 40 weeks after birth, but the duration of the bouts decreased by half during this period. The duration of crying peaked in the first nine weeks. The descriptive data are remarkably similar to the findings of Bell and Ainsworth (1972). Maternal responsiveness influenced crying behavior. Contrary to our expectations, the more frequently mothers ignored their infants' crying bout in the first nine-week period, the less frequently their infants cried in the following nine-week period, even if intervening variables like earlier crying and synchronous responsiveness were controlled for. 'Benign neglect' of fussing may stimulate the emergent abilities in infants to cope with mild distress. Extending an earlier report on this investigation (Hubbard & van IJzendoorn, 1991), we found that crying at home did not differentiate between secure and insecure attachment classifications, and it was not related to Strange Situation crying. Mothers of avoidant infants responded most promptly to their infants' crying. The failure to replicate the Baltimore findings was interpreted in terms of 'differential responsiveness'.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Child and Family Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11708224

Citation

van IJzendoorn, M H., and F O. Hubbard. "Are Infant Crying and Maternal Responsiveness During the First Year Related to Infant-mother Attachment at 15 Months?" Attachment & Human Development, vol. 2, no. 3, 2000, pp. 371-91.
van IJzendoorn MH, Hubbard FO. Are infant crying and maternal responsiveness during the first year related to infant-mother attachment at 15 months? Attach Hum Dev. 2000;2(3):371-91.
van IJzendoorn, M. H., & Hubbard, F. O. (2000). Are infant crying and maternal responsiveness during the first year related to infant-mother attachment at 15 months? Attachment & Human Development, 2(3), 371-91.
van IJzendoorn MH, Hubbard FO. Are Infant Crying and Maternal Responsiveness During the First Year Related to Infant-mother Attachment at 15 Months. Attach Hum Dev. 2000;2(3):371-91. PubMed PMID: 11708224.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Are infant crying and maternal responsiveness during the first year related to infant-mother attachment at 15 months? AU - van IJzendoorn,M H, AU - Hubbard,F O, PY - 2001/11/16/pubmed PY - 2002/1/5/medline PY - 2001/11/16/entrez SP - 371 EP - 91 JF - Attachment & human development JO - Attach Hum Dev VL - 2 IS - 3 N2 - In this longitudinal investigation, Bell and Ainsworth's (1972) Baltimore study on maternal responsiveness, infant crying and infant attachment security was replicated and extended. Each of the 50 families was observed at home during more than 20 hours, and infant crying behavior as well as maternal responses were recorded. Mothers and their infants were observed in the Strange Situation procedure at 15 months of age. Descriptive results showed that infants produced about the same number of crying bouts across the first 40 weeks after birth, but the duration of the bouts decreased by half during this period. The duration of crying peaked in the first nine weeks. The descriptive data are remarkably similar to the findings of Bell and Ainsworth (1972). Maternal responsiveness influenced crying behavior. Contrary to our expectations, the more frequently mothers ignored their infants' crying bout in the first nine-week period, the less frequently their infants cried in the following nine-week period, even if intervening variables like earlier crying and synchronous responsiveness were controlled for. 'Benign neglect' of fussing may stimulate the emergent abilities in infants to cope with mild distress. Extending an earlier report on this investigation (Hubbard & van IJzendoorn, 1991), we found that crying at home did not differentiate between secure and insecure attachment classifications, and it was not related to Strange Situation crying. Mothers of avoidant infants responded most promptly to their infants' crying. The failure to replicate the Baltimore findings was interpreted in terms of 'differential responsiveness'. SN - 1461-6734 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11708224/Are_infant_crying_and_maternal_responsiveness_during_the_first_year_related_to_infant_mother_attachment_at_15_months L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14616730010001596 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -