Regulation of hematopoietic growth factor production by genetically modified human bone marrow stromal cells expressing interleukin-1beta antisense RNA.J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2001 Oct; 21(10):851-60.JI
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) plays a major role in the regulation of bone marrow stromal cell function and hematopoiesis. It is known to induce secretion of the hematopoietic growth factors granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), granulocyte-macrophage CSF (GM-CSF), IL-6, and IL-8 as well as IL-1 itself in stromal cells. We investigated the role of IL-1beta-mediated growth factor production in the human stromal cell line L88/5. Using liposome-mediated DNA transfer, two stromal cell transfectants that constitutively express IL-1beta antisense (AS) RNA were generated. Expression of IL-1beta AS RNA and IL-1beta RNA was determined by RT-PCR. The stromal cell transfectants were strongly impaired in their endogenous IL-1beta production, and this effect was present even when strong IL-1beta inducers, such as IL-1alpha and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), were used. Reduced endogenous IL-1beta levels had no effect on the constitutive production of IL-6, IL-8, and GM-CSF measured by ELISA. In contrast to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation, IL-1alpha-mediated stimulation of GM-CSF production was significantly reduced in AS transfectants. TNF-alpha induced GM-CSF production was also reduced. IL-6 and IL-8 production was increased in transfectants, suggesting a negative regulatory role of IL-1beta in L88/5. This new approach using AS technology to specifically target constitutive RNA expression will allow further characterization of the bone marrow cytokine network in normal and malignant hematopoiesis.