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Oral health education needs of diabetic patients in Ibadan.
Afr J Med Med Sci. 2000 Sep-Dec; 29(3-4):269-74.AJ

Abstract

Previous studies on this group showed very high perceived oral health needs of diabetics. The author therefore considered it necessary to investigate their oral health education needs. This study seeks to highlight the oral health knowledge, attitude and practices of the group with the view of designing a dental health education programme which can be incorporated into the already existing health education programme for diabetics. The study was conducted on a sample of 120 adult registered diabetic patients from the two diabetes clinics in Ibadan, University College Hospital (U.C.H.) and Ring Road Government Hospital. The study also included fifty healthy adult non-diabetic volunteers for comparism. Glycaemic control was determined by estimating their fasting blood glucose F.B.G. Four trained interviewers interviewed the participants on their oral health knowledge, attitude and practices as well as on vulnerability factors such as educational status, gender, occupation, location and age. Nineteen (19) diabetic patients and fourteen (14) non-diabetic participants were excluded from the study. This study highlights the comparable oral health knowledge, attitude and practices of diabetic patients with the non-diabetic participants. The study shows the good knowledge of all groups on the frequency of tooth cleaning (86.1%, 84.6% and 95.2%), their poor knowledge on the necessity of regular dental clinic attendance (25%, 23.1% and 45.2%) and the effect of diet on their oral health (2.8%, 31% and 29%). Less than 50% of the subjects knew the cause of periodontal disease. Majority of diabetic patients do not know factors in diabetics that can contribute to oral ill health and most importantly quite a number of diabetics (53.9% and 46.8%) were not aware of the need for glyceamic control to prevent and control oral infections in diabetics. The positively established attitudes of many subjects towards oral health is unequivocal. The habit of tooth cleaning either with toothbrush and paste or with chewing stick is entrenched in the participants. The influence of educational status was highly significant on the frequency of tooth-brushing. Removal of calculus being the highest perceived need in a previous study, in this group, is not consistent with the regular tooth cleaning habits expressed in this study. However, previous researchers have emphasised the efficiency rather than frequency of cleaning as the more important aspect of tooth cleaning. Thus, this study seems to have confirmed previous studies. This study brings into focus the establishment of a positive attitude prior to knowledge without it being followed up with a health directed behaviour.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11714004

Citation

Taiwo, J O.. "Oral Health Education Needs of Diabetic Patients in Ibadan." African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, vol. 29, no. 3-4, 2000, pp. 269-74.
Taiwo JO. Oral health education needs of diabetic patients in Ibadan. Afr J Med Med Sci. 2000;29(3-4):269-74.
Taiwo, J. O. (2000). Oral health education needs of diabetic patients in Ibadan. African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 29(3-4), 269-74.
Taiwo JO. Oral Health Education Needs of Diabetic Patients in Ibadan. Afr J Med Med Sci. 2000 Sep-Dec;29(3-4):269-74. PubMed PMID: 11714004.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Oral health education needs of diabetic patients in Ibadan. A1 - Taiwo,J O, PY - 2001/11/21/pubmed PY - 2002/1/5/medline PY - 2001/11/21/entrez SP - 269 EP - 74 JF - African journal of medicine and medical sciences JO - Afr J Med Med Sci VL - 29 IS - 3-4 N2 - Previous studies on this group showed very high perceived oral health needs of diabetics. The author therefore considered it necessary to investigate their oral health education needs. This study seeks to highlight the oral health knowledge, attitude and practices of the group with the view of designing a dental health education programme which can be incorporated into the already existing health education programme for diabetics. The study was conducted on a sample of 120 adult registered diabetic patients from the two diabetes clinics in Ibadan, University College Hospital (U.C.H.) and Ring Road Government Hospital. The study also included fifty healthy adult non-diabetic volunteers for comparism. Glycaemic control was determined by estimating their fasting blood glucose F.B.G. Four trained interviewers interviewed the participants on their oral health knowledge, attitude and practices as well as on vulnerability factors such as educational status, gender, occupation, location and age. Nineteen (19) diabetic patients and fourteen (14) non-diabetic participants were excluded from the study. This study highlights the comparable oral health knowledge, attitude and practices of diabetic patients with the non-diabetic participants. The study shows the good knowledge of all groups on the frequency of tooth cleaning (86.1%, 84.6% and 95.2%), their poor knowledge on the necessity of regular dental clinic attendance (25%, 23.1% and 45.2%) and the effect of diet on their oral health (2.8%, 31% and 29%). Less than 50% of the subjects knew the cause of periodontal disease. Majority of diabetic patients do not know factors in diabetics that can contribute to oral ill health and most importantly quite a number of diabetics (53.9% and 46.8%) were not aware of the need for glyceamic control to prevent and control oral infections in diabetics. The positively established attitudes of many subjects towards oral health is unequivocal. The habit of tooth cleaning either with toothbrush and paste or with chewing stick is entrenched in the participants. The influence of educational status was highly significant on the frequency of tooth-brushing. Removal of calculus being the highest perceived need in a previous study, in this group, is not consistent with the regular tooth cleaning habits expressed in this study. However, previous researchers have emphasised the efficiency rather than frequency of cleaning as the more important aspect of tooth cleaning. Thus, this study seems to have confirmed previous studies. This study brings into focus the establishment of a positive attitude prior to knowledge without it being followed up with a health directed behaviour. SN - 0309-3913 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11714004/Oral_health_education_needs_of_diabetic_patients_in_Ibadan_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/5397 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -