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Human error analysis of commercial aviation accidents: application of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification system (HFACS).
Aviat Space Environ Med. 2001 Nov; 72(11):1006-16.AS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) is a general human error framework originally developed and tested within the U.S. military as a tool for investigating and analyzing the human causes of aviation accidents. Based on Reason's (1990) model of latent and active failures, HFACS addresses human error at all levels of the system, including the condition of aircrew and organizational factors. The purpose of the present study was to assess the utility of the HFACS framework as an error analysis and classification tool outside the military.

METHODS

The HFACS framework was used to analyze human error data associated with aircrew-related commercial aviation accidents that occurred between January 1990 and December 1996 using database records maintained by the NTSB and the FAA.

RESULTS

Investigators were able to reliably accommodate all the human causal factors associated with the commercial aviation accidents examined in this study using the HFACS system. In addition, the classification of data using HFACS highlighted several critical safety issues in need of intervention research.

CONCLUSION

These results demonstrate that the HFACS framework can be a viable tool for use within the civil aviation arena. However, additional research is needed to examine its applicability to areas outside the flight deck, such as aircraft maintenance and air traffic control domains.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Aviation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Savoy, 61874, USA. dwiegman@uiuc.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11718505

Citation

Wiegmann, D A., and S A. Shappell. "Human Error Analysis of Commercial Aviation Accidents: Application of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS)." Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, vol. 72, no. 11, 2001, pp. 1006-16.
Wiegmann DA, Shappell SA. Human error analysis of commercial aviation accidents: application of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification system (HFACS). Aviat Space Environ Med. 2001;72(11):1006-16.
Wiegmann, D. A., & Shappell, S. A. (2001). Human error analysis of commercial aviation accidents: application of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification system (HFACS). Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 72(11), 1006-16.
Wiegmann DA, Shappell SA. Human Error Analysis of Commercial Aviation Accidents: Application of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS). Aviat Space Environ Med. 2001;72(11):1006-16. PubMed PMID: 11718505.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Human error analysis of commercial aviation accidents: application of the Human Factors Analysis and Classification system (HFACS). AU - Wiegmann,D A, AU - Shappell,S A, PY - 2001/11/23/pubmed PY - 2002/3/2/medline PY - 2001/11/23/entrez SP - 1006 EP - 16 JF - Aviation, space, and environmental medicine JO - Aviat Space Environ Med VL - 72 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: The Human Factors Analysis and Classification System (HFACS) is a general human error framework originally developed and tested within the U.S. military as a tool for investigating and analyzing the human causes of aviation accidents. Based on Reason's (1990) model of latent and active failures, HFACS addresses human error at all levels of the system, including the condition of aircrew and organizational factors. The purpose of the present study was to assess the utility of the HFACS framework as an error analysis and classification tool outside the military. METHODS: The HFACS framework was used to analyze human error data associated with aircrew-related commercial aviation accidents that occurred between January 1990 and December 1996 using database records maintained by the NTSB and the FAA. RESULTS: Investigators were able to reliably accommodate all the human causal factors associated with the commercial aviation accidents examined in this study using the HFACS system. In addition, the classification of data using HFACS highlighted several critical safety issues in need of intervention research. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that the HFACS framework can be a viable tool for use within the civil aviation arena. However, additional research is needed to examine its applicability to areas outside the flight deck, such as aircraft maintenance and air traffic control domains. SN - 0095-6562 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11718505/Human_error_analysis_of_commercial_aviation_accidents:_application_of_the_Human_Factors_Analysis_and_Classification_system__HFACS__ L2 - https://www.lens.org/lens/search/patent/list?q=citation_id:11718505 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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