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An in vitro system to examine the effective phospholipids and structural domain for protein targeting to seed oil bodies.
Plant Cell Physiol. 2001 Nov; 42(11):1245-52.PC

Abstract

An in vitro system was established to examine the targeting of proteins to maturing seed oil bodies. Oleosin, the most abundant structural protein, and caleosin, a newly identified minor constituent in seed oil bodies, were translated in a reticulocyte lysate system and simultaneously incubated with artificial oil emulsions composed of triacylglycerol and phospholipid. The results suggest that oil body proteins could spontaneously target to artificial oil emulsions in a co-translational mode. Incorporation of oleosin to artificial oil emulsions extensively protected a fragment of approximately 8 kDa from proteinase K digestion. In a competition experiment, in vitro translated caleosin and oleosin preferentially target to artificial oil emulsions instead of microsomal membranes. In oil emulsions with neutral phospholipids, relatively low protein targeting efficiency was observed. The targeting efficiency was substantially elevated when negatively charged phospholipids were supplemented to oil emulsions to mimic the native phospholipid composition of oil bodies. Mutated caleosin lacking various structural domains or subdomains was examined for its in vitro targeting efficiency. The results indicate that the subdomain comprising the proline knot motif is crucial for caleosin targeting to oil bodies. A model of direct targeting of oil-body proteins to maturing oil bodies is proposed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Graduate Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11726710

Citation

Chen, J C., and J T. Tzen. "An in Vitro System to Examine the Effective Phospholipids and Structural Domain for Protein Targeting to Seed Oil Bodies." Plant & Cell Physiology, vol. 42, no. 11, 2001, pp. 1245-52.
Chen JC, Tzen JT. An in vitro system to examine the effective phospholipids and structural domain for protein targeting to seed oil bodies. Plant Cell Physiol. 2001;42(11):1245-52.
Chen, J. C., & Tzen, J. T. (2001). An in vitro system to examine the effective phospholipids and structural domain for protein targeting to seed oil bodies. Plant & Cell Physiology, 42(11), 1245-52.
Chen JC, Tzen JT. An in Vitro System to Examine the Effective Phospholipids and Structural Domain for Protein Targeting to Seed Oil Bodies. Plant Cell Physiol. 2001;42(11):1245-52. PubMed PMID: 11726710.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - An in vitro system to examine the effective phospholipids and structural domain for protein targeting to seed oil bodies. AU - Chen,J C, AU - Tzen,J T, PY - 2001/12/1/pubmed PY - 2002/5/25/medline PY - 2001/12/1/entrez SP - 1245 EP - 52 JF - Plant & cell physiology JO - Plant Cell Physiol VL - 42 IS - 11 N2 - An in vitro system was established to examine the targeting of proteins to maturing seed oil bodies. Oleosin, the most abundant structural protein, and caleosin, a newly identified minor constituent in seed oil bodies, were translated in a reticulocyte lysate system and simultaneously incubated with artificial oil emulsions composed of triacylglycerol and phospholipid. The results suggest that oil body proteins could spontaneously target to artificial oil emulsions in a co-translational mode. Incorporation of oleosin to artificial oil emulsions extensively protected a fragment of approximately 8 kDa from proteinase K digestion. In a competition experiment, in vitro translated caleosin and oleosin preferentially target to artificial oil emulsions instead of microsomal membranes. In oil emulsions with neutral phospholipids, relatively low protein targeting efficiency was observed. The targeting efficiency was substantially elevated when negatively charged phospholipids were supplemented to oil emulsions to mimic the native phospholipid composition of oil bodies. Mutated caleosin lacking various structural domains or subdomains was examined for its in vitro targeting efficiency. The results indicate that the subdomain comprising the proline knot motif is crucial for caleosin targeting to oil bodies. A model of direct targeting of oil-body proteins to maturing oil bodies is proposed. SN - 0032-0781 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11726710/An_in_vitro_system_to_examine_the_effective_phospholipids_and_structural_domain_for_protein_targeting_to_seed_oil_bodies_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/pcp/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/pcp/pce160 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -