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Association of awareness, intrapersonal and interpersonal factors, and stage of dietary change with fruit and vegetable consumption: a national survey.
Am J Health Promot. 2001 Nov-Dec; 16(2):69-78.AJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

To examine associations of awareness, intrapersonal and interpersonal factors, and stage of change with consumption of fruits and vegetables.

DESIGN

Nationally representative, random digit dial survey conducted in 1997 with a response rate of 44.5%. Psychosocial correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption were assessed using regression analyses.

SETTING

United States.

SUBJECTS

A total of 2605 adults who were 18 years and older.

MEASURES

Awareness of the "5 A Day for Better Health" program and its message, along with stage of change; taste preferences; self-efficacy; and perceived benefits, barriers, threats, social support, and norms related to fruit and vegetable consumption.

RESULTS

Awareness and intrapersonal and interpersonal factors explained 24% of the variance in fruit and vegetable consumption beyond the 9% explained by demographic characteristics. Knowledge of the 5 A Day message was associated with a 22% increase in fruit and vegetable consumption. Self-efficacy for eating fruits and vegetables and taste preferences (affect) were the factors most consistently and strongly associated with both higher consumption and higher likelihood of being in action or maintenance stages of change. Affect and perceived barriers were more strongly associated with increased vegetables and salad than fruit.

CONCLUSIONS

Dietary intervention programs to increase fruit and vegetable consumption should emphasize the 5 A Day message, increased self-efficacy, and ways to make vegetables more palatable and easily accessible. Understanding the factors that influence dietary choices should be used when designing dietary interventions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Office of Communications, National Cancer Institute, NIH, Building 31, Room 10A10, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11727591

Citation

Van Duyn, M A., et al. "Association of Awareness, Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Factors, and Stage of Dietary Change With Fruit and Vegetable Consumption: a National Survey." American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP, vol. 16, no. 2, 2001, pp. 69-78.
Van Duyn MA, Kristal AR, Dodd K, et al. Association of awareness, intrapersonal and interpersonal factors, and stage of dietary change with fruit and vegetable consumption: a national survey. Am J Health Promot. 2001;16(2):69-78.
Van Duyn, M. A., Kristal, A. R., Dodd, K., Campbell, M. K., Subar, A. F., Stables, G., Nebeling, L., & Glanz, K. (2001). Association of awareness, intrapersonal and interpersonal factors, and stage of dietary change with fruit and vegetable consumption: a national survey. American Journal of Health Promotion : AJHP, 16(2), 69-78.
Van Duyn MA, et al. Association of Awareness, Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Factors, and Stage of Dietary Change With Fruit and Vegetable Consumption: a National Survey. Am J Health Promot. 2001 Nov-Dec;16(2):69-78. PubMed PMID: 11727591.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of awareness, intrapersonal and interpersonal factors, and stage of dietary change with fruit and vegetable consumption: a national survey. AU - Van Duyn,M A, AU - Kristal,A R, AU - Dodd,K, AU - Campbell,M K, AU - Subar,A F, AU - Stables,G, AU - Nebeling,L, AU - Glanz,K, PY - 2001/12/1/pubmed PY - 2002/1/5/medline PY - 2001/12/1/entrez SP - 69 EP - 78 JF - American journal of health promotion : AJHP JO - Am J Health Promot VL - 16 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE: To examine associations of awareness, intrapersonal and interpersonal factors, and stage of change with consumption of fruits and vegetables. DESIGN: Nationally representative, random digit dial survey conducted in 1997 with a response rate of 44.5%. Psychosocial correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption were assessed using regression analyses. SETTING: United States. SUBJECTS: A total of 2605 adults who were 18 years and older. MEASURES: Awareness of the "5 A Day for Better Health" program and its message, along with stage of change; taste preferences; self-efficacy; and perceived benefits, barriers, threats, social support, and norms related to fruit and vegetable consumption. RESULTS: Awareness and intrapersonal and interpersonal factors explained 24% of the variance in fruit and vegetable consumption beyond the 9% explained by demographic characteristics. Knowledge of the 5 A Day message was associated with a 22% increase in fruit and vegetable consumption. Self-efficacy for eating fruits and vegetables and taste preferences (affect) were the factors most consistently and strongly associated with both higher consumption and higher likelihood of being in action or maintenance stages of change. Affect and perceived barriers were more strongly associated with increased vegetables and salad than fruit. CONCLUSIONS: Dietary intervention programs to increase fruit and vegetable consumption should emphasize the 5 A Day message, increased self-efficacy, and ways to make vegetables more palatable and easily accessible. Understanding the factors that influence dietary choices should be used when designing dietary interventions. SN - 0890-1171 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11727591/Association_of_awareness_intrapersonal_and_interpersonal_factors_and_stage_of_dietary_change_with_fruit_and_vegetable_consumption:_a_national_survey_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.4278/0890-1171-16.2.69?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -