Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Preventive strategies in chronic liver disease: part I. Alcohol, vaccines, toxic medications and supplements, diet and exercise.
Am Fam Physician 2001; 64(9):1555-60AF

Abstract

Chronic liver disease is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States. Hepatitis C virus infection is the most frequent cause of chronic liver disease and the most common indication for liver transplantation. Preventive care can significantly reduce the progression of liver disease. Alcohol and hepatitis C virus are synergistic in hastening the development of cirrhosis; therefore, patients with hepatitis C infection should abstain from alcohol use. Because superinfection with hepatitis A or B virus can lead to liver failure, vaccination is recommended. Potentially hepatotoxic medications should be used with caution in patients with chronic liver disease. In general, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should be avoided; acetaminophen in a dosage below 2 g per day is the safest choice. Many herbal remedies are potentially hepatotoxic, and only milk thistle can be used safely in patients who have chronic liver disease. Weight reduction and exercise can improve liver function in patients with fatty liver.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, USA. triley@psu.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11730310

Citation

Riley, T R., and A M. Bhatti. "Preventive Strategies in Chronic Liver Disease: Part I. Alcohol, Vaccines, Toxic Medications and Supplements, Diet and Exercise." American Family Physician, vol. 64, no. 9, 2001, pp. 1555-60.
Riley TR, Bhatti AM. Preventive strategies in chronic liver disease: part I. Alcohol, vaccines, toxic medications and supplements, diet and exercise. Am Fam Physician. 2001;64(9):1555-60.
Riley, T. R., & Bhatti, A. M. (2001). Preventive strategies in chronic liver disease: part I. Alcohol, vaccines, toxic medications and supplements, diet and exercise. American Family Physician, 64(9), pp. 1555-60.
Riley TR, Bhatti AM. Preventive Strategies in Chronic Liver Disease: Part I. Alcohol, Vaccines, Toxic Medications and Supplements, Diet and Exercise. Am Fam Physician. 2001 Nov 1;64(9):1555-60. PubMed PMID: 11730310.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Preventive strategies in chronic liver disease: part I. Alcohol, vaccines, toxic medications and supplements, diet and exercise. AU - Riley,T R,3rd AU - Bhatti,A M, PY - 2001/12/4/pubmed PY - 2002/1/5/medline PY - 2001/12/4/entrez SP - 1555 EP - 60 JF - American family physician JO - Am Fam Physician VL - 64 IS - 9 N2 - Chronic liver disease is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States. Hepatitis C virus infection is the most frequent cause of chronic liver disease and the most common indication for liver transplantation. Preventive care can significantly reduce the progression of liver disease. Alcohol and hepatitis C virus are synergistic in hastening the development of cirrhosis; therefore, patients with hepatitis C infection should abstain from alcohol use. Because superinfection with hepatitis A or B virus can lead to liver failure, vaccination is recommended. Potentially hepatotoxic medications should be used with caution in patients with chronic liver disease. In general, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should be avoided; acetaminophen in a dosage below 2 g per day is the safest choice. Many herbal remedies are potentially hepatotoxic, and only milk thistle can be used safely in patients who have chronic liver disease. Weight reduction and exercise can improve liver function in patients with fatty liver. SN - 0002-838X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11730310/full_citation L2 - http://www.aafp.org/link_out?pmid=11730310 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -