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Lymphocytic choriomeningitis outbreak associated with pet hamsters. Fifty-seven cases from New York State;.
JAMA. 1975 May 05; 232(5):494-500.JAMA

Abstract

An outbreak of lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) associated with pet hamsters adquired through nationwide distributor was recognized in New York in February 1974. In upstate a New York, 57 cases occurred in a four-month period. Complete information was obtained on 49 patients ranging in age from 3 to 70 years. Characteristic findings included fever (90%), headache (85%), and severe myalgia (80%). Typically, laboratory findings consisted of a normal blood cell count and cerebrospinal fluid with mononuclear leukocyte pleocytosis and moderate hypoglycorrhacia. Al patients had contact with hamsters from one distributor. Most of the hamsters were acquired in mid to late December 1973, but some as late as March 1974. From each of eight families in which hamsters were available, at least one hamster had detectable complement-fixing antibodies for LCM. Infection rates within families varied with location and type of hamster cage; open cages and cages situated in common living areas were associated with highest infection rates (45% and 52%, respectively). Severity of illness was not associated with direct contact with hamsters. Onset of illness occurred between 8 and 90 days after initial exposure to hamsters.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1173141

Citation

Biggar, R J., et al. "Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Outbreak Associated With Pet Hamsters. Fifty-seven Cases From New York State;." JAMA, vol. 232, no. 5, 1975, pp. 494-500.
Biggar RJ, Woodall JP, Walter PD, et al. Lymphocytic choriomeningitis outbreak associated with pet hamsters. Fifty-seven cases from New York State;. JAMA. 1975;232(5):494-500.
Biggar, R. J., Woodall, J. P., Walter, P. D., & Haughie, G. E. (1975). Lymphocytic choriomeningitis outbreak associated with pet hamsters. Fifty-seven cases from New York State;. JAMA, 232(5), 494-500.
Biggar RJ, et al. Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Outbreak Associated With Pet Hamsters. Fifty-seven Cases From New York State;. JAMA. 1975 May 5;232(5):494-500. PubMed PMID: 1173141.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lymphocytic choriomeningitis outbreak associated with pet hamsters. Fifty-seven cases from New York State;. AU - Biggar,R J, AU - Woodall,J P, AU - Walter,P D, AU - Haughie,G E, PY - 1975/5/5/pubmed PY - 1975/5/5/medline PY - 1975/5/5/entrez SP - 494 EP - 500 JF - JAMA JO - JAMA VL - 232 IS - 5 N2 - An outbreak of lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) associated with pet hamsters adquired through nationwide distributor was recognized in New York in February 1974. In upstate a New York, 57 cases occurred in a four-month period. Complete information was obtained on 49 patients ranging in age from 3 to 70 years. Characteristic findings included fever (90%), headache (85%), and severe myalgia (80%). Typically, laboratory findings consisted of a normal blood cell count and cerebrospinal fluid with mononuclear leukocyte pleocytosis and moderate hypoglycorrhacia. Al patients had contact with hamsters from one distributor. Most of the hamsters were acquired in mid to late December 1973, but some as late as March 1974. From each of eight families in which hamsters were available, at least one hamster had detectable complement-fixing antibodies for LCM. Infection rates within families varied with location and type of hamster cage; open cages and cages situated in common living areas were associated with highest infection rates (45% and 52%, respectively). Severity of illness was not associated with direct contact with hamsters. Onset of illness occurred between 8 and 90 days after initial exposure to hamsters. SN - 0098-7484 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1173141/Lymphocytic_choriomeningitis_outbreak_associated_with_pet_hamsters__Fifty_seven_cases_from_New_York_State L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/vol/232/pg/494 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -