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Systems of spatial reference in human memory.
Cogn Psychol. 2001 Dec; 43(4):274-310.CP

Abstract

Seven experiments examined the spatial reference systems used in memory to represent the locations of objects in the environment. Participants learned the locations of common objects in a room and then made judgments of relative direction using their memories of the layout (e.g., "Imagine you are standing at the shoe, facing the lamp; point to the clock"). The experiments manipulated the number of views that observers were allowed to experience, the presence or absence of local and global reference systems (e.g., a rectangular mat on which objects were placed and the walls of the room, respectively), and the congruence of local and global reference systems. Judgments of relative direction were more accurate for imagined headings parallel to study views than for imagined headings parallel to novel views, even with up to three study views. However, study views misaligned with salient reference systems in the environment were not strongly represented if they were experienced in the context of aligned views. Novel views aligned with a local reference system were, under certain conditions, easier to imagine than were novel views misaligned with the local reference system. We propose that learning and remembering the spatial structure of the surrounding environment involves interpreting the layout in terms of a spatial reference system. This reference system is imposed on the environment but defined by egocentric experience.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA 94305, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11741344

Citation

Shelton, A L., and T P. McNamara. "Systems of Spatial Reference in Human Memory." Cognitive Psychology, vol. 43, no. 4, 2001, pp. 274-310.
Shelton AL, McNamara TP. Systems of spatial reference in human memory. Cogn Psychol. 2001;43(4):274-310.
Shelton, A. L., & McNamara, T. P. (2001). Systems of spatial reference in human memory. Cognitive Psychology, 43(4), 274-310.
Shelton AL, McNamara TP. Systems of Spatial Reference in Human Memory. Cogn Psychol. 2001;43(4):274-310. PubMed PMID: 11741344.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Systems of spatial reference in human memory. AU - Shelton,A L, AU - McNamara,T P, PY - 2001/12/14/pubmed PY - 2002/2/23/medline PY - 2001/12/14/entrez SP - 274 EP - 310 JF - Cognitive psychology JO - Cogn Psychol VL - 43 IS - 4 N2 - Seven experiments examined the spatial reference systems used in memory to represent the locations of objects in the environment. Participants learned the locations of common objects in a room and then made judgments of relative direction using their memories of the layout (e.g., "Imagine you are standing at the shoe, facing the lamp; point to the clock"). The experiments manipulated the number of views that observers were allowed to experience, the presence or absence of local and global reference systems (e.g., a rectangular mat on which objects were placed and the walls of the room, respectively), and the congruence of local and global reference systems. Judgments of relative direction were more accurate for imagined headings parallel to study views than for imagined headings parallel to novel views, even with up to three study views. However, study views misaligned with salient reference systems in the environment were not strongly represented if they were experienced in the context of aligned views. Novel views aligned with a local reference system were, under certain conditions, easier to imagine than were novel views misaligned with the local reference system. We propose that learning and remembering the spatial structure of the surrounding environment involves interpreting the layout in terms of a spatial reference system. This reference system is imposed on the environment but defined by egocentric experience. SN - 0010-0285 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11741344/Systems_of_spatial_reference_in_human_memory_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010-0285(01)90758-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -