Adrenomedullin inhibits neurotransmission of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-containing vasodilator nerves in rat mesenteric resistance arteries.Peptides. 2001 Nov; 22(11):1887-93.P
We have reported that the rat mesenteric resistance artery has innervation of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-containing vasodilator nerves (CGRPergic nerves). We also demonstrated that adrenomedullin (AM) causes mesenteric vasodilation through activation of CGRP receptors. The present study was designed to examine the effect of AM on neurotransmission of CGRPergic nerves in rat mesenteric arteries. In preconstricted preparations without endothelium, periarterial nerve stimulation (PNS, 1 and 2 Hz) induced a frequency-dependent vasodilation. A bolus injection of CGRP (10 pmol) into the perfusate also caused a vasodilation. AM (0.1 to 10 nM) concentration-dependently caused 40% to 60% inhibition of the PNS-induced vasodilation, but AM did not attenuate vasodilation induced by exogenous CGRP injection. The inhibitory effect of AM (10 nM) on PNS-induced vasodilation was further potentiated by CGRP [8-37] (CGRP receptor antagonist, 50 nM), which attenuated the vasodilator response to the CGRP injection. Combined perfusion of AM [22-52] (AM receptor antagonist, 10 to 100 nM) resulted in further inhibition of PNS-induced neurogenic vasodilation without affecting the vasodilator response to the CGRP injection. CGRP [8-37] but not AM [22-52] antagonized vasodilation induced by AM perfusion. These findings suggest that AM presynaptically inhibits neurotransmission of CGRPergic nerves, probably decreasing CGRP release, via receptors different from CGRP receptors.