Triphasic vascular responses to bradykinin in the mesenteric resistance artery of the rat.Eur J Pharmacol. 2001 Dec 14; 433(1):105-13.EJ
The vascular effects of bradykinin were studied in rat perfused mesenteric vascular beds with active tone. Bolus injections of bradykinin (1-1000 pmol) but not des-Arg(9)-bradykinin (bradykinin B(1) receptor agonist) induced triphasic vascular responses: the initial sharp vasodilation followed by transient vasoconstriction and subsequent gradual vasodilation. The triphasic vascular responses to bradykinin were abolished by FR 172357 (3-bromo-8-[2,6-dichloro-3-[N-[(E)-4-(N,N-dimethylcarbamoyl) cinnamidoacetyl]-N-methylamino]benzyloxy]-2-metylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine) (bradykinin B(2) receptor antagonist, 0.1 microM). Endothelium removal with sodium deoxycholate and N(w)-nitro-L-arginine (300 microM) abolished the bradykinin-induced initial sharp vasodilation. Indomethacin (0.5 microM) and seratrodast (thromboxane A(2) receptor antagonist, 0.5 and 5 microM) abolished the bradykinin-induced second vasoconstriction. The bradykinin-induced third vasodilation was abolished by capsaicin (1 microM) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-(8-37) (CGRP receptor antagonist, 0.5 microM). These findings suggest that the bradykinin-induced initial sharp vasodilation is endothelium dependent, that endogenous thromboxane A(2) is involved in the second vasoconstriction, and that the third slow vasodilation is produced by activation of capsaicin-sensitive CGRP-containing nerves.