[Medical treatment support to tuberculous patients--from the standpoint of community support].Kekkaku. 2001 Nov; 76(11):707-13.K
A symposium with "Medical Treatment Support to Tuberculous Patients--From the standpoint of community support" as its theme was held at the 76th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Tuberculosis (April 20, 2001). "Once, It is infected with tuberculosis, one have to complete medication with a sensitive antituberculosis drug by observing the prescribed dose and duration for successful treatment". For this to be promoted community, it is necessary that (1) to manage patient's medication by medical facilities, (2) to support patient's medication by health center and (3) to support patient's living by welfare offices. Not that each facilities takes such responsibilities alone, but various community must fulfill them continuously in liaison with one another. On what measures should be taken to that end, reports based on practical examples from Nagoya City, Yokohama City and Kanagawa Prefecture have been compiled as follows. 1. It was in-office liaison by conference that supported the DOTS activities of health nurses. 2. It is cooperating, without health, medical treatment, and welfare going out, as follows. (1) A system for hospitals and clinics to carry out DOTS treatment consistently has been kept in good condition. (2) For a patient to take a drug in front of a nurse has become common, causing the patients to be motivated. (3) Assignment of MSW and nurses in charge of DOTS sent from hospitals has make it possible to offer or exchange information smoothly among those concerned. (4) A system for many persons concerned to support patients timely has been kept in good condition. This resulted in an increase in the cure rate of tuberculosis in the areas which have day laborers' lodgings. 3. By DOTS for in-patients, the number of self-discharges has decreased by 1/3, and the treatment completion rate was 94%. 4. In promotion of DOTS for the patients who have health problems other than tuberculosis, the role MSW plays is great. 5. As conditions for supporting DOTS promotion, it is necessary to create a system by which to stabilize the living of the patient himself, guarantee earnings to support it and dissolve the living problem faced by the patient. 6. Introduction of the "early guidance system for the patients in whom the treatment of tuberculosis" was discontinued has strengthened the liaison between health offices and medical facilities, has led to early detection in persons yet to receive medical treatment and resumption of medical treatment, making it possible to deal with problem cases effectively on a priority basis. It has been confirmed that liaison between health, medical service and welfare for community support of the treatment of tuberculous patients who live in that community resulted in improvement of clinical results of tuberculous patients. In this connection, Dr. Shirai advised "For a tuberculous patient to form a habit of taking a drug wherever he lives needs to be recognized as a major subject". He presented the forcible yell. "Any local government office has the homeless. I want you to make efforts so that DOTS be given to all the tuberculous persons. If there is any problem, I am ready to give advice."