Long-term effects of olmesartan, an Ang II receptor antagonist, on blood pressure and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in hypertensive patients.Hypertens Res. 2001 Nov; 24(6):641-6.HR
The object of this study is to evaluate the long-term effects of olmesartan on hypertension and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in hypertensive patients. This study evaluated 26 hypertensive male and female outpatients, 38-69 years of age, with a systolic blood pressure > or = 160 mmHg and/or a diastolic blood pressure > or = 95 mmHg. Oral doses of 5 to 40 mg olmesartan were administered once daily. Blood pressure and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone parameters (plasma renin activity and plasma angiotensin I, II, and aldosterone concentrations) were evaluated at 12-16 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year after the start of olmesartan administration. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly decreased following the administration of olmesartan. The observed decreases in systolic and diastolic blood pressures after 1 year of treatment were 28.8+/-2.1 mmHg and 15.8+/-1.3 mmHg, respectively. No change was observed in the pulse rate. The plasma renin activity increased significantly from a baseline premedication mean of 1.26+/-0.31 ng/ml/h to a mean of 2.58+/-0.74 ng/ml/h and 2.87+/-0.72 ng/ml/h after 6 months and 1 year of treatment, respectively. Angiotensin II levels decreased significantly from a baseline of 20.4+/-3.2 pg/ml to a mean of 8.6+/-2.1 pg/ml and 6.8+/-1.8 pg/ml after 6 months and 1 year of treatment, respectively. The plasma aldosterone level also decreased significantly after 6 months of treatment. In hypertensive patients, the long-term administration of olmesartan, a novel AT1 receptor antagonist, decreased both blood pressure and plasma angiotensin II levels.