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Kangaroo Mother Care in very low birth weight infants.
Indian J Pediatr. 2001 Nov; 68(11):1019-23.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This study was conducted (i) to study through a randomized control trial the effect of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) on breast feeding rates, weight gain and length of hospitalization of very low birth neonates and (ii) to assess the acceptability of Kangaroo Mother Care by nurses and mothers.

METHODS

Babies whose birth weight was less than 1500 Grams were included in the study once they were stable. The effect of Kangaroo Mother Care on breast feeding rates, weight gain and length of hospitalization of very low birth weight neonates was studied through a randomized control trial in 28 neonates. The Kangaroo group (n = 14) was subjected to Kangaroo Mother Care of at least 4 hours per day in not more than 3 sittings. The babies received Kangaroo Care after shifting out from NICU and at home. The control group (n = 14) received only standard care (incubator or open care system). Attitude of mothers and nurses towards KMC was assessed on Day 3 +/- 1 and on day 7 +/- 1 after starting Kangaroo Care in a questionnaire using Likert's scale.

RESULTS

The results of the clinical trial reveal that the neonates in the KMC group demonstrated better weight gain after the first week of life (15.9 +/- 4.5 gm/day vs. 10.6 +/- 4.5 gm/day in the KMC group and control group respectively p < 0.05) and earlier hospital discharge (27.2 +/- 7 vs. 34.6 +/- 7 days in KMC and control group respectively, p < 0.05). The number of mothers exclusively breastfeeding their babies at 6 week follow-up was double in the KMC group than in the control group (12/14 vs. 6/14) (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION

KMC managed babies had better weight gain, earlier hospital discharge and, more impressively, higher exclusive breast-feeding rates. KMC is an excellent adjunct to the routine preterm care in a nursery.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11770234

Citation

Ramanathan, K, et al. "Kangaroo Mother Care in Very Low Birth Weight Infants." Indian Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 68, no. 11, 2001, pp. 1019-23.
Ramanathan K, Paul VK, Deorari AK, et al. Kangaroo Mother Care in very low birth weight infants. Indian J Pediatr. 2001;68(11):1019-23.
Ramanathan, K., Paul, V. K., Deorari, A. K., Taneja, U., & George, G. (2001). Kangaroo Mother Care in very low birth weight infants. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 68(11), 1019-23.
Ramanathan K, et al. Kangaroo Mother Care in Very Low Birth Weight Infants. Indian J Pediatr. 2001;68(11):1019-23. PubMed PMID: 11770234.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Kangaroo Mother Care in very low birth weight infants. AU - Ramanathan,K, AU - Paul,V K, AU - Deorari,A K, AU - Taneja,U, AU - George,G, PY - 2002/1/5/pubmed PY - 2002/1/25/medline PY - 2002/1/5/entrez SP - 1019 EP - 23 JF - Indian journal of pediatrics JO - Indian J Pediatr VL - 68 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted (i) to study through a randomized control trial the effect of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) on breast feeding rates, weight gain and length of hospitalization of very low birth neonates and (ii) to assess the acceptability of Kangaroo Mother Care by nurses and mothers. METHODS: Babies whose birth weight was less than 1500 Grams were included in the study once they were stable. The effect of Kangaroo Mother Care on breast feeding rates, weight gain and length of hospitalization of very low birth weight neonates was studied through a randomized control trial in 28 neonates. The Kangaroo group (n = 14) was subjected to Kangaroo Mother Care of at least 4 hours per day in not more than 3 sittings. The babies received Kangaroo Care after shifting out from NICU and at home. The control group (n = 14) received only standard care (incubator or open care system). Attitude of mothers and nurses towards KMC was assessed on Day 3 +/- 1 and on day 7 +/- 1 after starting Kangaroo Care in a questionnaire using Likert's scale. RESULTS: The results of the clinical trial reveal that the neonates in the KMC group demonstrated better weight gain after the first week of life (15.9 +/- 4.5 gm/day vs. 10.6 +/- 4.5 gm/day in the KMC group and control group respectively p < 0.05) and earlier hospital discharge (27.2 +/- 7 vs. 34.6 +/- 7 days in KMC and control group respectively, p < 0.05). The number of mothers exclusively breastfeeding their babies at 6 week follow-up was double in the KMC group than in the control group (12/14 vs. 6/14) (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: KMC managed babies had better weight gain, earlier hospital discharge and, more impressively, higher exclusive breast-feeding rates. KMC is an excellent adjunct to the routine preterm care in a nursery. SN - 0019-5456 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11770234/Kangaroo_Mother_Care_in_very_low_birth_weight_infants_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/toddlerdevelopment.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -