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Multiple maltreatment, attribution of blame, and adjustment among adolescents.
Dev Psychopathol 2001; 13(4):827-46DP

Abstract

The study examined the predictive utility of blame attributions for maltreatment. Integrating theory and research on blame attribution, it was predicted that self-blame would mediate or moderate internalizing problems, whereas other-blame would mediate or moderate externalizing problems. Mediator and moderator models were tested separately. Adolescents (N = 160, ages 11-17 years) were randomly selected from the open caseload of a child protection agency. Participants made global maltreatment severity ratings for each of physical abuse, psychological abuse, neglect. sexual abuse, and exposure to family violence. Participants also completed the Attribution for Maltreatment Interview (AFMI), a structured clinical interview that assessed self- and perpetrator blame for each type of maltreatment they experienced. The AFMI yielded five subscales: self-blaming cognition, self-blaming affect, self-excusing. perpetrator blame, and perpetrator excusing. Caretaker-reported (Child Behavior Checklist) and self-reported (Youth Self Report) internalizing and externalizing were the adjustment criteria. Controlling for maltreatment severity, the AFMI subscales explained significant variance in self-reported adjustment. Self-blaming affect was the most potent attribution, particularly among females. Attributions mediated maltreatment severity for self-reported adjustment but moderated it for caretaker-reported adjustment. The sophistication and relevance of blame attributions to adjustment are discussed, and implications for research and clinical practice are identified.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Child and Adolescent Services, Valley Regional Hospital, Kentville, Canada. robin.mcgee@ns.sympatico.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11771910

Citation

McGee, R, et al. "Multiple Maltreatment, Attribution of Blame, and Adjustment Among Adolescents." Development and Psychopathology, vol. 13, no. 4, 2001, pp. 827-46.
McGee R, Wolfe D, Olson J. Multiple maltreatment, attribution of blame, and adjustment among adolescents. Dev Psychopathol. 2001;13(4):827-46.
McGee, R., Wolfe, D., & Olson, J. (2001). Multiple maltreatment, attribution of blame, and adjustment among adolescents. Development and Psychopathology, 13(4), pp. 827-46.
McGee R, Wolfe D, Olson J. Multiple Maltreatment, Attribution of Blame, and Adjustment Among Adolescents. Dev Psychopathol. 2001;13(4):827-46. PubMed PMID: 11771910.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Multiple maltreatment, attribution of blame, and adjustment among adolescents. AU - McGee,R, AU - Wolfe,D, AU - Olson,J, PY - 2002/1/5/pubmed PY - 2002/5/29/medline PY - 2002/1/5/entrez SP - 827 EP - 46 JF - Development and psychopathology JO - Dev. Psychopathol. VL - 13 IS - 4 N2 - The study examined the predictive utility of blame attributions for maltreatment. Integrating theory and research on blame attribution, it was predicted that self-blame would mediate or moderate internalizing problems, whereas other-blame would mediate or moderate externalizing problems. Mediator and moderator models were tested separately. Adolescents (N = 160, ages 11-17 years) were randomly selected from the open caseload of a child protection agency. Participants made global maltreatment severity ratings for each of physical abuse, psychological abuse, neglect. sexual abuse, and exposure to family violence. Participants also completed the Attribution for Maltreatment Interview (AFMI), a structured clinical interview that assessed self- and perpetrator blame for each type of maltreatment they experienced. The AFMI yielded five subscales: self-blaming cognition, self-blaming affect, self-excusing. perpetrator blame, and perpetrator excusing. Caretaker-reported (Child Behavior Checklist) and self-reported (Youth Self Report) internalizing and externalizing were the adjustment criteria. Controlling for maltreatment severity, the AFMI subscales explained significant variance in self-reported adjustment. Self-blaming affect was the most potent attribution, particularly among females. Attributions mediated maltreatment severity for self-reported adjustment but moderated it for caretaker-reported adjustment. The sophistication and relevance of blame attributions to adjustment are discussed, and implications for research and clinical practice are identified. SN - 0954-5794 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11771910/Multiple_maltreatment_attribution_of_blame_and_adjustment_among_adolescents_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/childabuse.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -