Evaluation and selection of bio-relevant dissolution media for a poorly water-soluble new chemical entity.Pharm Dev Technol. 2001 Nov; 6(4):531-40.PD
The purpose of this work is to develop a bio-relevant dissolution method for formulation screening in order to select an enhanced bioavailable formulation for a poorly water-soluble drug. The methods used included a modified rotating disk apparatus for measuring intrinsic dissolution rate of the new chemical entity (NCE) and the USP dissolution method II for evaluating dissolution profiles of the drug in three different dosage forms. The in vitro dissolution results were compared with the in vivo bioavailability for selecting a bio-relevant medium. The results showed that the solubility of the NCE was proportional to the concentration of sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) in the media. The apparent intrinsic dissolution rate of the NCE was linear to the rotational speed of the disk, which indicated that the dissolution of the drug is a diffusion-controlled mechanism. The apparent intrinsic dissolution rate was also linear to the surfactant concentration in the media, which was interpreted using the Noyes and Whitney Empirical Theory. Three formulations were studied in three different SLS media using the bulk drug as a reference. The dissolution results were compared with the corresponding bioavailability results in dogs. In the 1% SLS--sink conditions--the drug release from all the formulations was complete and the dissolution results were discriminative for the difference in particle size of the drug in the formulations. However, the data showed poor IVIV correlation. In the 0.5% SLS medium--non-sink conditions--the dissolution results showed the same rank order among the tested formulations as the bioavailability. The best IVIV correlation was obtained from the dissolution in 0.25% SLS medium, an over-saturated condition. The conclusions are: a surfactant medium increases the apparent intrinsic dissolution rate of the NCE linearly due to an increase in solubility. A low concentration of surfactant in the medium (0.25%) is more bio-relevant than higher concentrations of surfactant in the media for the poorly water-soluble drug. Creating sink conditions (based on bulk drug solubilities) by using a high concentration of a surfactant in the dissolution medium may not be a proper approach in developing a bio-relevant dissolution method for a poorly water-soluble drug.