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Epidemiology of clinical attachment loss in adolescents.
J Periodontol. 2001 Dec; 72(12):1666-74.JP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Relatively little is known about the prevalence, severity, and determinants of clinical attachment loss among adolescents.

METHODS

A multi-stage random sampling procedure was used to obtain a sample of 9,203 high school students aged 12 to 21 years from the Province of Santiago, Chile. All but 41 students were examined for clinical attachment loss in 6 sites of first and second molars and incisors. The students were interviewed with respect to tooth brushing habits, smoking habits, dental visits, and diabetic status. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess the relative strength of the associations between age, gender, smoking, tooth brushing habits, dental attendance patterns, diabetic status, and governmental school support and the occurrence of clinical attachment loss.

RESULTS

Overall, clinical attachment loss > or = 1 mm was seen in 69.2% of the students; > or = 2 mm in 16% of the students; and > or = 3 mm in 4.5%. The distribution of clinical attachment loss was markedly skewed, but followed a continuum of disease severity. Logistic regression analyses showed that attachment loss was associated with higher age, female gender, infrequent tooth brushing, infrequent dental visits, and attending a high school receiving governmental support.

CONCLUSIONS

No sharp distinction exists between periodontal health and disease among Chilean adolescents. Higher age, poor oral hygiene, and a lower socioeconomic background play a role in the occurrence of clinical attachment loss.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Oral Health and Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aarhus University, Denmark. rlopez@odont.au.dkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11811502

Citation

López, R, et al. "Epidemiology of Clinical Attachment Loss in Adolescents." Journal of Periodontology, vol. 72, no. 12, 2001, pp. 1666-74.
López R, Fernández O, Jara G, et al. Epidemiology of clinical attachment loss in adolescents. J Periodontol. 2001;72(12):1666-74.
López, R., Fernández, O., Jara, G., & Baelum, V. (2001). Epidemiology of clinical attachment loss in adolescents. Journal of Periodontology, 72(12), 1666-74.
López R, et al. Epidemiology of Clinical Attachment Loss in Adolescents. J Periodontol. 2001;72(12):1666-74. PubMed PMID: 11811502.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiology of clinical attachment loss in adolescents. AU - López,R, AU - Fernández,O, AU - Jara,G, AU - Baelum,V, PY - 2002/1/29/pubmed PY - 2002/4/17/medline PY - 2002/1/29/entrez SP - 1666 EP - 74 JF - Journal of periodontology JO - J Periodontol VL - 72 IS - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known about the prevalence, severity, and determinants of clinical attachment loss among adolescents. METHODS: A multi-stage random sampling procedure was used to obtain a sample of 9,203 high school students aged 12 to 21 years from the Province of Santiago, Chile. All but 41 students were examined for clinical attachment loss in 6 sites of first and second molars and incisors. The students were interviewed with respect to tooth brushing habits, smoking habits, dental visits, and diabetic status. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess the relative strength of the associations between age, gender, smoking, tooth brushing habits, dental attendance patterns, diabetic status, and governmental school support and the occurrence of clinical attachment loss. RESULTS: Overall, clinical attachment loss > or = 1 mm was seen in 69.2% of the students; > or = 2 mm in 16% of the students; and > or = 3 mm in 4.5%. The distribution of clinical attachment loss was markedly skewed, but followed a continuum of disease severity. Logistic regression analyses showed that attachment loss was associated with higher age, female gender, infrequent tooth brushing, infrequent dental visits, and attending a high school receiving governmental support. CONCLUSIONS: No sharp distinction exists between periodontal health and disease among Chilean adolescents. Higher age, poor oral hygiene, and a lower socioeconomic background play a role in the occurrence of clinical attachment loss. SN - 0022-3492 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11811502/Epidemiology_of_clinical_attachment_loss_in_adolescents_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2001.72.12.1666 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -