Augmentation ileocystoplasty in patients with neurogenic bladder due to spinal cord injury or spina bifida.Spinal Cord 2002; 40(1):30-3SC
Retrospective analysis of augmentation ileocystoplasty for neurogenic bladder.
To analyze the effects and complications of augmentation ileocystoplasty in patients with neurogenic bladder due to spinal cord injury (SCI) or spina bifida retrospectively.
Department of Urology, Kanagawa Rehabilitation Hospital, Japan.
We have treated 11 patients with neurogenic bladder due to SCI and 10 patients with spinal bifida with augmentation ileocystoplasty since 1989. The purpose of the treatment was to stop vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and/or amelioration of urinary incontinence. In 17 of 21 cases, the antireflux operation was received simultaneously. All cases performed clean intermittent self catheterization postoperatively.
Urinary incontinence improved in all cases and only transient recurrence of VUR was observed in the follow-up term. Complications occurred in patients with SCI, but they could be treated conservatively.
Augmentation ileocystoplasty is a good treatment option for contracted bladder or VUR, which occurs in patients with neurogenic bladder.