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Psychological predictors of adherence and outcomes among patients in cardiac rehabilitation.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil 2002 Jan-Feb; 22(1):40-6JC

Abstract

PURPOSE

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of optimism, depression, and neuroticism on adherence and outcomes among patients in cardiac rehabilitation (CR).

METHODS

Participants included 46 patients (34 men) with coronary heart disease (CHD) who completed measures of psychological functioning (optimism, depression, neuroticism), physical functioning (exercise stress test, body mass index, symptom reports), and CHD knowledge during the first week (baseline) and last week of a 12-week CR program.

RESULTS

Baseline depression scores accounted for 9.5% of the variance associated with change in aerobic capacity (maximum oxygen consumption), when controlling for relevant demographic variables and program attendance. However, optimism and neuroticism were not predictive of CR outcomes. Results also indicated that program dropouts were significantly younger and reported more psychological distress at baseline than did participants who completed the program.

CONCLUSION

Depression appears to have a significant influence on adherence and improvement among patients in CR, but optimism and neuroticism were not significant predictors of change.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11839996

Citation

Glazer, Kelly M., et al. "Psychological Predictors of Adherence and Outcomes Among Patients in Cardiac Rehabilitation." Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, vol. 22, no. 1, 2002, pp. 40-6.
Glazer KM, Emery CF, Frid DJ, et al. Psychological predictors of adherence and outcomes among patients in cardiac rehabilitation. J Cardiopulm Rehabil. 2002;22(1):40-6.
Glazer, K. M., Emery, C. F., Frid, D. J., & Banyasz, R. E. (2002). Psychological predictors of adherence and outcomes among patients in cardiac rehabilitation. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, 22(1), pp. 40-6.
Glazer KM, et al. Psychological Predictors of Adherence and Outcomes Among Patients in Cardiac Rehabilitation. J Cardiopulm Rehabil. 2002;22(1):40-6. PubMed PMID: 11839996.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychological predictors of adherence and outcomes among patients in cardiac rehabilitation. AU - Glazer,Kelly M, AU - Emery,Charles F, AU - Frid,David J, AU - Banyasz,Robin E, PY - 2002/2/13/pubmed PY - 2002/3/27/medline PY - 2002/2/13/entrez SP - 40 EP - 6 JF - Journal of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation JO - J Cardiopulm Rehabil VL - 22 IS - 1 N2 - PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of optimism, depression, and neuroticism on adherence and outcomes among patients in cardiac rehabilitation (CR). METHODS: Participants included 46 patients (34 men) with coronary heart disease (CHD) who completed measures of psychological functioning (optimism, depression, neuroticism), physical functioning (exercise stress test, body mass index, symptom reports), and CHD knowledge during the first week (baseline) and last week of a 12-week CR program. RESULTS: Baseline depression scores accounted for 9.5% of the variance associated with change in aerobic capacity (maximum oxygen consumption), when controlling for relevant demographic variables and program attendance. However, optimism and neuroticism were not predictive of CR outcomes. Results also indicated that program dropouts were significantly younger and reported more psychological distress at baseline than did participants who completed the program. CONCLUSION: Depression appears to have a significant influence on adherence and improvement among patients in CR, but optimism and neuroticism were not significant predictors of change. SN - 0883-9212 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11839996/Psychological_predictors_of_adherence_and_outcomes_among_patients_in_cardiac_rehabilitation_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=11839996 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -