Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Vitamin D deficiency: a concern in premenopausal Bangladeshi women of two socio-economic groups in rural and urban region.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002 Jan; 56(1):51-6.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The study was designed to evaluate the vitamin D status in women of different physiological status of two socio-economic groups in Bangladesh.

DESIGN

A cross-sectional study, using serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD), calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase activity.

SETTING

Two regions of Bangladesh. The Dhaka city area and west region of Nandail (Betagair Union), Mymensingh.

SUBJECTS

Representative subjects of two groups (low socio-economic group=group L, n=99; and high socio-economic group=group H, n=90) of Bangladeshi women aged 16-40 y. About 87% of the subjects were housewives and the rest, 13%, were distributed among other different professions. Each group comprised of three sub-groups (non-pregnant non-lactating=1, pregnant=2, and lactating=3).

RESULTS

The influence of socio-economic status and physiological status on serum 25-OHD concentration (P=0.038, P=0.015, respectively), serum calcium concentration (P<0.001, P<0.001, respectively) and alkaline phosphatase activity (P<0.001, P<0.001, respectively) were observed. The distribution of serum 25-OHD concentration in both groups was shifted overall toward the lower limit of the normal range. Seventeen percent of women in group L and 12% of women in group H had serum 25-OHD concentration <25 nmol/l. Hypovitaminosis D (serum 25-OHD concentration < or = 37.5 nmol/l) was observed in 50% of subjects in group L and 38% of subjects in group H, respectively. The prevalence of hypovitaminosis was higher in lactating subjects of the groups L and H (63 and 46%, respectively) than in the other sub-groups in the same group.

CONCLUSIONS

The results of the study suggested that women in Bangladesh were at risk of hypovitaminosis D and lactation was an additional risk factor in low income groups. The situation may increase the risk of bone loss.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Nutrition, Department of Applied Chemistry and Microbiology, University of Helsinki, Finland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11840180

Citation

Islam, M Z., et al. "Vitamin D Deficiency: a Concern in Premenopausal Bangladeshi Women of Two Socio-economic Groups in Rural and Urban Region." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 56, no. 1, 2002, pp. 51-6.
Islam MZ, Lamberg-Allardt C, Kärkkäinen M, et al. Vitamin D deficiency: a concern in premenopausal Bangladeshi women of two socio-economic groups in rural and urban region. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002;56(1):51-6.
Islam, M. Z., Lamberg-Allardt, C., Kärkkäinen, M., Outila, T., Salamatullah, Q., & Shamim, A. A. (2002). Vitamin D deficiency: a concern in premenopausal Bangladeshi women of two socio-economic groups in rural and urban region. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56(1), 51-6.
Islam MZ, et al. Vitamin D Deficiency: a Concern in Premenopausal Bangladeshi Women of Two Socio-economic Groups in Rural and Urban Region. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2002;56(1):51-6. PubMed PMID: 11840180.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vitamin D deficiency: a concern in premenopausal Bangladeshi women of two socio-economic groups in rural and urban region. AU - Islam,M Z, AU - Lamberg-Allardt,C, AU - Kärkkäinen,M, AU - Outila,T, AU - Salamatullah,Q, AU - Shamim,A A, PY - 2001/02/20/received PY - 2001/05/31/revised PY - 2001/06/06/accepted PY - 2002/2/13/pubmed PY - 2002/4/11/medline PY - 2002/2/13/entrez SP - 51 EP - 6 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 56 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to evaluate the vitamin D status in women of different physiological status of two socio-economic groups in Bangladesh. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study, using serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD), calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase activity. SETTING: Two regions of Bangladesh. The Dhaka city area and west region of Nandail (Betagair Union), Mymensingh. SUBJECTS: Representative subjects of two groups (low socio-economic group=group L, n=99; and high socio-economic group=group H, n=90) of Bangladeshi women aged 16-40 y. About 87% of the subjects were housewives and the rest, 13%, were distributed among other different professions. Each group comprised of three sub-groups (non-pregnant non-lactating=1, pregnant=2, and lactating=3). RESULTS: The influence of socio-economic status and physiological status on serum 25-OHD concentration (P=0.038, P=0.015, respectively), serum calcium concentration (P<0.001, P<0.001, respectively) and alkaline phosphatase activity (P<0.001, P<0.001, respectively) were observed. The distribution of serum 25-OHD concentration in both groups was shifted overall toward the lower limit of the normal range. Seventeen percent of women in group L and 12% of women in group H had serum 25-OHD concentration <25 nmol/l. Hypovitaminosis D (serum 25-OHD concentration < or = 37.5 nmol/l) was observed in 50% of subjects in group L and 38% of subjects in group H, respectively. The prevalence of hypovitaminosis was higher in lactating subjects of the groups L and H (63 and 46%, respectively) than in the other sub-groups in the same group. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study suggested that women in Bangladesh were at risk of hypovitaminosis D and lactation was an additional risk factor in low income groups. The situation may increase the risk of bone loss. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11840180/Vitamin_D_deficiency:_a_concern_in_premenopausal_Bangladeshi_women_of_two_socio_economic_groups_in_rural_and_urban_region_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601284 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -