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[A case-control study of the risk factors of lung cancer in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing metropolitan areas].
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2000; 34(4):227-31ZY

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To analysis the risk factors of lung cancer and determine the surveillance index in urban areas in four metropolises in China.

METHODS

The paper used the data from the in-person interviews of National Research on Malignant Tumor Morbidity, Mortality and Surveillance Methods in 1996. We carried out a 1:1 matched case-control study based on population involving 1 312 cases and 1 312 neighborhood controls aged 35 - 74 from Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing urban areas. The relationships between risk factors and lung cancer were analyzed by conditional univariant and multivariate logistic regression on the computer package, STATA.

RESULTS

Cigarette smoking, lower body mass index, longtime depressed mood, lower capability of emotion regulation, previous respiratory diseases, family history of cancer in first-degree relatives significantly increased the risk of lung cancer after adjusted by age, education, family average income and other risk factors. The odds ratios of these risk factors were 3.46 (95% CI 2.70 - 4.45), 1.18 (95% CI 1.22 - 1.40), 2.64 (95% CI 1.95 - 3.57), 2.71 (95% CI 2.02 - 3.65), 2.28 (95% CI 1.81 - 2.88), 1.79 (95% CI 1.38 - 2.32), respectively. The odds ratio associated with the highest quartile of fresh vegetables consumption compared with the lowest was 0.75 (95% CI 0.65 - 0.87), showed an inverse relationship. Exercising more often had a significant inverse association between cases and controls, and its odds ratio was 0.81 (95% CI 0.74 - 0.89).

CONCLUSION

Cigarette smoking, psychological factor, previous respiratory diseases and family history of cancer were the main risk factors of lung cancer in four cities. They were the important surveillance index of lung cancer. The relation between lung cancer and environmental tobacco smoke, dietary factors and the factors related with female etc. should conduct further studies or special studies which defined the exposures carefully and exactly.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Sanitary and Anti-epidemic Station of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310009, China.

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

chi

PubMed ID

11860937

Citation

Yu, M, et al. "[A Case-control Study of the Risk Factors of Lung Cancer in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing Metropolitan Areas]." Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine], vol. 34, no. 4, 2000, pp. 227-31.
Yu M, Rao K, Chen Y. [A case-control study of the risk factors of lung cancer in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing metropolitan areas]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2000;34(4):227-31.
Yu, M., Rao, K., & Chen, Y. (2000). [A case-control study of the risk factors of lung cancer in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing metropolitan areas]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine], 34(4), pp. 227-31.
Yu M, Rao K, Chen Y. [A Case-control Study of the Risk Factors of Lung Cancer in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing Metropolitan Areas]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2000;34(4):227-31. PubMed PMID: 11860937.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [A case-control study of the risk factors of lung cancer in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing metropolitan areas]. AU - Yu,M, AU - Rao,K, AU - Chen,Y, PY - 2002/2/28/pubmed PY - 2004/11/4/medline PY - 2002/2/28/entrez SP - 227 EP - 31 JF - Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] JO - Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi VL - 34 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To analysis the risk factors of lung cancer and determine the surveillance index in urban areas in four metropolises in China. METHODS: The paper used the data from the in-person interviews of National Research on Malignant Tumor Morbidity, Mortality and Surveillance Methods in 1996. We carried out a 1:1 matched case-control study based on population involving 1 312 cases and 1 312 neighborhood controls aged 35 - 74 from Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing urban areas. The relationships between risk factors and lung cancer were analyzed by conditional univariant and multivariate logistic regression on the computer package, STATA. RESULTS: Cigarette smoking, lower body mass index, longtime depressed mood, lower capability of emotion regulation, previous respiratory diseases, family history of cancer in first-degree relatives significantly increased the risk of lung cancer after adjusted by age, education, family average income and other risk factors. The odds ratios of these risk factors were 3.46 (95% CI 2.70 - 4.45), 1.18 (95% CI 1.22 - 1.40), 2.64 (95% CI 1.95 - 3.57), 2.71 (95% CI 2.02 - 3.65), 2.28 (95% CI 1.81 - 2.88), 1.79 (95% CI 1.38 - 2.32), respectively. The odds ratio associated with the highest quartile of fresh vegetables consumption compared with the lowest was 0.75 (95% CI 0.65 - 0.87), showed an inverse relationship. Exercising more often had a significant inverse association between cases and controls, and its odds ratio was 0.81 (95% CI 0.74 - 0.89). CONCLUSION: Cigarette smoking, psychological factor, previous respiratory diseases and family history of cancer were the main risk factors of lung cancer in four cities. They were the important surveillance index of lung cancer. The relation between lung cancer and environmental tobacco smoke, dietary factors and the factors related with female etc. should conduct further studies or special studies which defined the exposures carefully and exactly. SN - 0253-9624 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11860937/[A_case_control_study_of_the_risk_factors_of_lung_cancer_in_Beijing_Tianjin_Shanghai_Chongqing_metropolitan_areas]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/4334 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -