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Estimates of world-wide distribution of child deaths from acute respiratory infections.
Lancet Infect Dis. 2002 Jan; 2(1):25-32.LI

Abstract

Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are among the leading causes of childhood mortality. Estimates of the number of children worldwide who die from ARI are needed in setting priorities for health care. To establish a relation between deaths due to ARI and all-cause deaths in children under 5 years we show that the proportion of deaths directly attributable to ARI declines from 23% to 18% and then 15% (95% confidence limits range from +/- 2% to +/- 3%) as under-5 mortality declines from 50 to 20 and then to 10/1000 per year. Much of the variability in estimates of ARI in children is shown to be inherent in the use of verbal autopsies. This analysis suggests that throughout the world 1.9 million (95% CI 1.6-2.2 million) children died from ARI in 2000, 70% of them in Africa and southeast Asia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, Geneva 27, CH 1211, Switzerland. williamsbg@who.intNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11892493

Citation

Williams, Brian G., et al. "Estimates of World-wide Distribution of Child Deaths From Acute Respiratory Infections." The Lancet. Infectious Diseases, vol. 2, no. 1, 2002, pp. 25-32.
Williams BG, Gouws E, Boschi-Pinto C, et al. Estimates of world-wide distribution of child deaths from acute respiratory infections. Lancet Infect Dis. 2002;2(1):25-32.
Williams, B. G., Gouws, E., Boschi-Pinto, C., Bryce, J., & Dye, C. (2002). Estimates of world-wide distribution of child deaths from acute respiratory infections. The Lancet. Infectious Diseases, 2(1), 25-32.
Williams BG, et al. Estimates of World-wide Distribution of Child Deaths From Acute Respiratory Infections. Lancet Infect Dis. 2002;2(1):25-32. PubMed PMID: 11892493.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Estimates of world-wide distribution of child deaths from acute respiratory infections. AU - Williams,Brian G, AU - Gouws,Eleanor, AU - Boschi-Pinto,Cynthia, AU - Bryce,Jennifer, AU - Dye,Christopher, PY - 2002/3/15/pubmed PY - 2002/3/28/medline PY - 2002/3/15/entrez SP - 25 EP - 32 JF - The Lancet. Infectious diseases JO - Lancet Infect Dis VL - 2 IS - 1 N2 - Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are among the leading causes of childhood mortality. Estimates of the number of children worldwide who die from ARI are needed in setting priorities for health care. To establish a relation between deaths due to ARI and all-cause deaths in children under 5 years we show that the proportion of deaths directly attributable to ARI declines from 23% to 18% and then 15% (95% confidence limits range from +/- 2% to +/- 3%) as under-5 mortality declines from 50 to 20 and then to 10/1000 per year. Much of the variability in estimates of ARI in children is shown to be inherent in the use of verbal autopsies. This analysis suggests that throughout the world 1.9 million (95% CI 1.6-2.2 million) children died from ARI in 2000, 70% of them in Africa and southeast Asia. SN - 1473-3099 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11892493/Estimates_of_world_wide_distribution_of_child_deaths_from_acute_respiratory_infections_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1473-3099(01)00170-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -