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Effects of different training protocols on left ventricular myocardial function in competitive athletes: a Doppler tissue imaging study.
Ital Heart J. 2002 Jan; 3(1):34-40.IH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aim of the study was to analyze the differences in myocardial function in case of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy induced by either endurance or strength training in top-level athletes.

METHODS

Standard Doppler echo and pulsed Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) of the interventricular septum and of the LV inferior wall were performed in 26 competitive endurance athletes (long-distance swimmers) (group A) and in 20 strength-trained athletes (short-distance swimmers) (group B). By means of DTI, the following parameters of myocardial function were assessed: the systolic peak velocities (Sm), the pre-contraction time, the contraction time, the early (Em) and late (Am) diastolic velocities, the Em/Am ratio and the relaxation time.

RESULTS

The two groups were comparable for age and sex, but at rest group B showed a higher heart rate, systolic blood pressure and body surface area. The LV mass index and fractional shortening did not significantly differ between the two groups. However, group B showed an increased sum of the wall thicknesses (septum + posterior wall) (p < 0.001) and of the relative wall thickness, while the LV stroke volume and LV end-diastolic diameter (p < 0.001) were greater in group A. All transmitral Doppler indexes were higher in group A, with an increased E/A ratio. DTI analysis showed, in group A, a higher Em and Em/Am ratio as well as a longer relaxation time both at the septal and at the inferior wall levels, with comparable Sm, pre-contraction and contraction times. Distinct multiple linear regression models revealed an independent positive association between the inferior peak Em velocity and the LV end-diastolic diameter (p < 0.001) in group A, and an independent direct correlation of the inferior peak Sm velocity with the sum of the wall thicknesses (p < 0.001) and with the end-systolic stress in group B.

CONCLUSIONS

The early diastolic myocardial function is positively influenced by the preload increase in group A, while an increased afterload and LV wall thickness in group B mainly seem to induce an enhancement of the regional myocardial systolic function.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Cardiothoracic and Respiratory Sciences, Second University of Naples, Italy. adandrea@synapsis.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11899588

Citation

D'Andrea, Antonello, et al. "Effects of Different Training Protocols On Left Ventricular Myocardial Function in Competitive Athletes: a Doppler Tissue Imaging Study." Italian Heart Journal : Official Journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology, vol. 3, no. 1, 2002, pp. 34-40.
D'Andrea A, Caso P, Severino S, et al. Effects of different training protocols on left ventricular myocardial function in competitive athletes: a Doppler tissue imaging study. Ital Heart J. 2002;3(1):34-40.
D'Andrea, A., Caso, P., Severino, S., Galderisi, M., Sarubbi, B., Limongelli, G., Cice, G., D'Andrea, L., Scherillo, M., Mininni, N., & Calabrò, R. (2002). Effects of different training protocols on left ventricular myocardial function in competitive athletes: a Doppler tissue imaging study. Italian Heart Journal : Official Journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology, 3(1), 34-40.
D'Andrea A, et al. Effects of Different Training Protocols On Left Ventricular Myocardial Function in Competitive Athletes: a Doppler Tissue Imaging Study. Ital Heart J. 2002;3(1):34-40. PubMed PMID: 11899588.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of different training protocols on left ventricular myocardial function in competitive athletes: a Doppler tissue imaging study. AU - D'Andrea,Antonello, AU - Caso,Pio, AU - Severino,Sergio, AU - Galderisi,Maurizio, AU - Sarubbi,Berardo, AU - Limongelli,Giuseppe, AU - Cice,Gennaro, AU - D'Andrea,Luigi, AU - Scherillo,Marino, AU - Mininni,Nicola, AU - Calabrò,Raffaele, PY - 2002/3/20/pubmed PY - 2002/10/3/medline PY - 2002/3/20/entrez SP - 34 EP - 40 JF - Italian heart journal : official journal of the Italian Federation of Cardiology JO - Ital Heart J VL - 3 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to analyze the differences in myocardial function in case of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy induced by either endurance or strength training in top-level athletes. METHODS: Standard Doppler echo and pulsed Doppler tissue imaging (DTI) of the interventricular septum and of the LV inferior wall were performed in 26 competitive endurance athletes (long-distance swimmers) (group A) and in 20 strength-trained athletes (short-distance swimmers) (group B). By means of DTI, the following parameters of myocardial function were assessed: the systolic peak velocities (Sm), the pre-contraction time, the contraction time, the early (Em) and late (Am) diastolic velocities, the Em/Am ratio and the relaxation time. RESULTS: The two groups were comparable for age and sex, but at rest group B showed a higher heart rate, systolic blood pressure and body surface area. The LV mass index and fractional shortening did not significantly differ between the two groups. However, group B showed an increased sum of the wall thicknesses (septum + posterior wall) (p < 0.001) and of the relative wall thickness, while the LV stroke volume and LV end-diastolic diameter (p < 0.001) were greater in group A. All transmitral Doppler indexes were higher in group A, with an increased E/A ratio. DTI analysis showed, in group A, a higher Em and Em/Am ratio as well as a longer relaxation time both at the septal and at the inferior wall levels, with comparable Sm, pre-contraction and contraction times. Distinct multiple linear regression models revealed an independent positive association between the inferior peak Em velocity and the LV end-diastolic diameter (p < 0.001) in group A, and an independent direct correlation of the inferior peak Sm velocity with the sum of the wall thicknesses (p < 0.001) and with the end-systolic stress in group B. CONCLUSIONS: The early diastolic myocardial function is positively influenced by the preload increase in group A, while an increased afterload and LV wall thickness in group B mainly seem to induce an enhancement of the regional myocardial systolic function. SN - 1129-471X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11899588/Effects_of_different_training_protocols_on_left_ventricular_myocardial_function_in_competitive_athletes:_a_Doppler_tissue_imaging_study_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/exerciseandphysicalfitness.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -