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What are pregnant women eating? Nutrient and food group differences by race.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to identify foods that contributed most to nutrient and fiber intake in a sample of pregnant women in North Carolina.

STUDY DESIGN

This was a prospective study of women in the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition Study (n = 2247 women). Dietary information during the second trimester was collected with the use of a food frequency questionnaire. The contribution of each food item to the population's intake was calculated.

RESULTS

Overall, low nutrient-dense foods were major contributors to energy, fat, and carbohydrates, whereas fortified foods were important sources of iron, folate, and vitamin C. The median energy intake for this population was 2478 kcal. The median dietary intakes of iron were below the recommended levels. Although black women consumed more calories on average, white women, after energy adjustment, consumed greater amounts of protein, iron, folate, and fiber.

CONCLUSION

These data emphasize the importance of evaluating both the nutrient density in the diet and the frequency of consumption in the assessment of the diets of pregnant women.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, and the Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina. Chapel Hill 27516-3997, USA.

    ,

    Source

    MeSH

    African Americans
    Cohort Studies
    Diet
    Energy Intake
    European Continental Ancestry Group
    Female
    Folic Acid
    Food
    Humans
    Iron
    Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
    Pregnancy
    Prospective Studies
    Surveys and Questionnaires

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    11904611

    Citation

    Siega-Riz, Anna Maria, et al. "What Are Pregnant Women Eating? Nutrient and Food Group Differences By Race." American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 186, no. 3, 2002, pp. 480-6.
    Siega-Riz AM, Bodnar LM, Savitz DA. What are pregnant women eating? Nutrient and food group differences by race. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002;186(3):480-6.
    Siega-Riz, A. M., Bodnar, L. M., & Savitz, D. A. (2002). What are pregnant women eating? Nutrient and food group differences by race. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 186(3), pp. 480-6.
    Siega-Riz AM, Bodnar LM, Savitz DA. What Are Pregnant Women Eating? Nutrient and Food Group Differences By Race. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002;186(3):480-6. PubMed PMID: 11904611.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - What are pregnant women eating? Nutrient and food group differences by race. AU - Siega-Riz,Anna Maria, AU - Bodnar,Lisa M, AU - Savitz,David A, PY - 2002/3/21/pubmed PY - 2002/4/16/medline PY - 2002/3/21/entrez SP - 480 EP - 6 JF - American journal of obstetrics and gynecology JO - Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. VL - 186 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify foods that contributed most to nutrient and fiber intake in a sample of pregnant women in North Carolina. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study of women in the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition Study (n = 2247 women). Dietary information during the second trimester was collected with the use of a food frequency questionnaire. The contribution of each food item to the population's intake was calculated. RESULTS: Overall, low nutrient-dense foods were major contributors to energy, fat, and carbohydrates, whereas fortified foods were important sources of iron, folate, and vitamin C. The median energy intake for this population was 2478 kcal. The median dietary intakes of iron were below the recommended levels. Although black women consumed more calories on average, white women, after energy adjustment, consumed greater amounts of protein, iron, folate, and fiber. CONCLUSION: These data emphasize the importance of evaluating both the nutrient density in the diet and the frequency of consumption in the assessment of the diets of pregnant women. SN - 0002-9378 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11904611/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002937802036426 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -