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What are pregnant women eating? Nutrient and food group differences by race.
Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002; 186(3):480-6AJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The purpose of this study was to identify foods that contributed most to nutrient and fiber intake in a sample of pregnant women in North Carolina.

STUDY DESIGN

This was a prospective study of women in the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition Study (n = 2247 women). Dietary information during the second trimester was collected with the use of a food frequency questionnaire. The contribution of each food item to the population's intake was calculated.

RESULTS

Overall, low nutrient-dense foods were major contributors to energy, fat, and carbohydrates, whereas fortified foods were important sources of iron, folate, and vitamin C. The median energy intake for this population was 2478 kcal. The median dietary intakes of iron were below the recommended levels. Although black women consumed more calories on average, white women, after energy adjustment, consumed greater amounts of protein, iron, folate, and fiber.

CONCLUSION

These data emphasize the importance of evaluating both the nutrient density in the diet and the frequency of consumption in the assessment of the diets of pregnant women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, and the Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina. Chapel Hill 27516-3997, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

11904611

Citation

Siega-Riz, Anna Maria, et al. "What Are Pregnant Women Eating? Nutrient and Food Group Differences By Race." American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 186, no. 3, 2002, pp. 480-6.
Siega-Riz AM, Bodnar LM, Savitz DA. What are pregnant women eating? Nutrient and food group differences by race. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002;186(3):480-6.
Siega-Riz, A. M., Bodnar, L. M., & Savitz, D. A. (2002). What are pregnant women eating? Nutrient and food group differences by race. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 186(3), pp. 480-6.
Siega-Riz AM, Bodnar LM, Savitz DA. What Are Pregnant Women Eating? Nutrient and Food Group Differences By Race. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2002;186(3):480-6. PubMed PMID: 11904611.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - What are pregnant women eating? Nutrient and food group differences by race. AU - Siega-Riz,Anna Maria, AU - Bodnar,Lisa M, AU - Savitz,David A, PY - 2002/3/21/pubmed PY - 2002/4/16/medline PY - 2002/3/21/entrez SP - 480 EP - 6 JF - American journal of obstetrics and gynecology JO - Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. VL - 186 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify foods that contributed most to nutrient and fiber intake in a sample of pregnant women in North Carolina. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study of women in the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition Study (n = 2247 women). Dietary information during the second trimester was collected with the use of a food frequency questionnaire. The contribution of each food item to the population's intake was calculated. RESULTS: Overall, low nutrient-dense foods were major contributors to energy, fat, and carbohydrates, whereas fortified foods were important sources of iron, folate, and vitamin C. The median energy intake for this population was 2478 kcal. The median dietary intakes of iron were below the recommended levels. Although black women consumed more calories on average, white women, after energy adjustment, consumed greater amounts of protein, iron, folate, and fiber. CONCLUSION: These data emphasize the importance of evaluating both the nutrient density in the diet and the frequency of consumption in the assessment of the diets of pregnant women. SN - 0002-9378 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11904611/full_citation L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002937802036426 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -