Role of alpha4 integrin and VCAM-1 in CD18-independent neutrophil migration across mouse cardiac endothelium.Circ Res. 2002 Mar 22; 90(5):562-9.CircR
Myocardial damage due to reperfusion of ischemic tissue is caused primarily by infiltrating neutrophils. Although leukocyte beta2 integrins (CD18) play a critical role, significant neutrophil emigration persists when CD18 is neutralized or absent. This study examined the role of leukocyte beta1 integrin (alpha4) and its endothelial ligand VCAM-1 in CD18-independent neutrophil migration across cardiac endothelium. In a mouse model of myocardial ischemia and reperfusion, we show that compared with wild-type mice, neutrophil infiltration efficiency was reduced by 50% in CD18-null mice; in both types of mice, myocardial VCAM-1 staining increased after reperfusion. In wild-type mice, antibodies against CD18, ICAM-1 (an endothelial ligand for CD18), or VCAM-1 given 30 minutes before ischemia did not block neutrophil emigration at 3 hours reperfusion. Although anti-VCAM-1 attenuated neutrophil emigration by 90% in CD18-null mice, it did not diminish myocardial injury. To determine if CD18-independent neutrophil emigration was a tissue-specific response, we used isolated peripheral blood neutrophils from wild-type or CD18-null mice and showed neutrophil migration across lipopolysaccharide-activated cultured cardiac endothelium is CD18-independent, whereas migration across endothelium obtained from inferior vena cava is CD18-dependent. Consistent with our in vivo findings, migration of CD18-deficient neutrophils on cardiac endothelial monolayers is blocked by antibodies against alpha4 integrin or VCAM-1. We conclude tissue-specific differences in endothelial cells account, at least partially, for CD18-independent neutrophil infiltration in the heart.