Disparities in adherence to recommended followup on screening mammography: interaction of sociodemographic factors.Ethn Dis. 2002 Winter; 12(1):77-86.ED
The objective of this study was to examine disparities in adherence to screening mammography and, specifically, to investigate whether race/ethnicity, education, age, health insurance, and family history of breast cancer (FHBC), as unique factors and in interactions, influence adherence to recommended follow up on screening mammography.
The study involved retrieval and analyses of data collected by the Colorado Mammography Project (CMAP) for 167,232 diverse (82.8% White, 3.4% Black, 11% Hispanic, 1.6% Asian, 0.6% Native American, and 0.6% "other") screening participants during the 1990-1997 study period.
Subjects' first mammograms captured by CMAP were tracked in the database to identify women who received follow-up recommendations, women who adhered within 12 months and those that did not. Analyses included comparisons of adherence rates among women with various sociodemographic characteristics.
Of the 17,358 women who received follow-up recommendations, 80.7% adhered. Overall, non-White women in each of the racial/ethnic groups were less likely to adhere to recommendations than were White women (P<.05). Also less likely to adhere were the younger, less educated, uninsured/underinsured, and women who reported not having FHBC.
Race/ethnicity appeared to interact with age, education, health insurance, and FHBC to influence the probability of adherence, suggesting the need to explore further cultural, psychosocial, and situational factors.