Purification and properties of xanthine dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas acidovorans.Biochim Biophys Acta. 1975 Nov 20; 410(1):12-20.BB
Xanthine dehydrogenase (EC 188.8.131.52) from Pseudomonas acidovorans has been purified to near homogeneity (approx. 65-fold). The enzyme has a molecular weight of about 275 000. Electrophoresis in gels containing sodium dodecyl sulphate showed the presence of two types of subunit with molecular weights of about 81 000 and 63 000. Thus the intact molecule probably contains two of each type of subunit. Xanthine and hypoxanthine are good substrates, and NAD+ is an effective electron acceptor. With xanthine and NAD+ as substrates the purified enzyme has a specific activity of about 20 mumol NADH formed/min per mg protein. Michaelis constants for xanthine and NAD+ are 0.07 and 0.12 mM, respectively, and for hypoxanthine and NAD+ 0.29 and 0.16 mM, respectively.