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[Smoking as a risk factor for periodontitis].
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd. 1999 Nov; 106(11):419-23.NT

Abstract

Smokers have a higher susceptibility for periodontitis than non-smokers. Smoking is associated with more loss of attachment, progressive periodontal breakdown and also with a poor response to periodontal treatment. This is caused by the direct effect of nicotine on several factors that play a bacterial attack. These factors include the gingival vascularization and cellular defense mechanisms. The periodontal status of former smokers is intermediate to that of those who have never smoked and current smokers. Smoking cessation seems to have a beneficial effect on periodontal health.

Authors

No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

dut

PubMed ID

11930409

Citation

Lie, M A.. "[Smoking as a Risk Factor for Periodontitis]." Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde, vol. 106, no. 11, 1999, pp. 419-23.
Lie MA. [Smoking as a risk factor for periodontitis]. Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd. 1999;106(11):419-23.
Lie, M. A. (1999). [Smoking as a risk factor for periodontitis]. Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde, 106(11), 419-23.
Lie MA. [Smoking as a Risk Factor for Periodontitis]. Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd. 1999;106(11):419-23. PubMed PMID: 11930409.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Smoking as a risk factor for periodontitis]. A1 - Lie,M A, PY - 2002/4/5/pubmed PY - 2002/7/27/medline PY - 2002/4/5/entrez SP - 419 EP - 23 JF - Nederlands tijdschrift voor tandheelkunde JO - Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd VL - 106 IS - 11 N2 - Smokers have a higher susceptibility for periodontitis than non-smokers. Smoking is associated with more loss of attachment, progressive periodontal breakdown and also with a poor response to periodontal treatment. This is caused by the direct effect of nicotine on several factors that play a bacterial attack. These factors include the gingival vascularization and cellular defense mechanisms. The periodontal status of former smokers is intermediate to that of those who have never smoked and current smokers. Smoking cessation seems to have a beneficial effect on periodontal health. SN - 0028-2200 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/11930409/[Smoking_as_a_risk_factor_for_periodontitis]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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