Application of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Pichia stipitis karyoductants to the production of ethanol from xylose.Acta Microbiol Pol. 2001; 50(3-4):291-9.AM
Karyoductants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae V30 and Pichia stipitis CCY 39501 with the ability to ferment D-xylose to ethanol were isolated. The ability of these isolates to assimilate different sugars, ethanol tolerance and ethanol production from D-xylose was investigated. Karyoductants didn't grow on starch, lactose and cellobiose, like S. cerevisiae, but showed good growth on xylose and L-arabinose, like P. stipitis. All isolates fermented xylose to ethanol slower than P. stipitis and with lower yields, 0.09 - 0.16 g/g. They secreted also about 3.4 - 7.1 g/dm3 of xylitol to the culture medium (P. stipitis only 0.06 g/dm3). The karyoductants showed an average tolerance to ethanol when compared with the parent strains and fermented glucose in the presence of 6% alcohol whereas parent strain S. cerevisiae and P. stipitis showed exogenic ethanol tolerance of 9% and 3%, respectively.