Prescribing practices in a population-based HIV postexposure prophylaxis program.AIDS. 2002 May 03; 16(7):1067-70.AIDS
To characterize factors associated with being prescribed triple or double postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) against HIV in a population-based program.
Individuals potentially exposed to HIV received a 5 day starter kit of either double or triple antiretroviral PEP between April 1999 and November 2000 and did/did not receive the remaining 23 days PEP. Data were collected through dispensation of kits. Logistic regression identified characteristics independently associated with being prescribed triple therapy starter kits and with any 23 day follow-up.
Of 2064 people receiving 5 day PEP [403 (20%) triple and 1661 (80%) double], 590 (29%) received 23 day follow-up. Independently associated with being prescribed triple therapy starter kits were being male [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.38; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.10-1.74; P = 0.006), occupational mucocutaneous injuries (AOR 1.70; 95% CI, 1.14-2.55; P = 0.010), and community needlesticks (AOR 2.04; 95% CI, 1.54-2.69; P < 0.001). Independently associated with being prescribed the 23 day follow-up were being male (AOR 1.24; 95% CI, 1.00-1.53; P = 0.04), community mucocutaneous incidents (AOR 2.83; 95% CI, 1.41-5.70; P = 0.004), community needlesticks (AOR 1.75; 95% CI, 1.33-2.29; P < 0.001), and having received triple therapy as the starter kit (AOR 2.61; 95% CI, 2.07-3.29; P < 0.001).
Being prescribed triple therapy starter PEP was associated with being male and with experiencing an occupational mucocutaneous or community needlestick injury. Receiving the remaining 23 days PEP was associated with being male, experiencing a community mucocutaneous or needlestick injury, and triple therapy as the initial 5 day starter PEP.