Less intense conditioning with fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, idarubicin and etoposide (FCIE) followed by allogeneic unselected peripheral blood stem cell transplantation in elderly patients with leukemia.Leukemia. 2002 Apr; 16(4):581-6.L
The objective of this study was to assess toxicity and feasibility of achieving engraftment of allogeneic blood progenitor cells following nonmyeloablative conditioning according to the FCIE protocol (fludarabine 25 mg/m(2)/day, days -7 to -3; cyclophosphamide 200 mg/m(2)/day, days -7 to -3; idarubicin 12 mg/m(2)/day, days -7 to -5; etoposide 250 mg/m(2)/day, days -4 to -3) in elderly patients with leukemia. Eleven patients were included in the study: six patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in complete remission (CR); three patients with refractory or relapsed AML; one patient with chronic myeloid leukemia; one patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The median age of the patients was 62 years. All patients received blood progenitor cells from an HLA-identical sibling with 8.8 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells/kg (median; range 4.7 to 26.2 x 10(6)/kg) and 5.5 x 10(8) CD3(+)cells/kg (median; range 4.5 to 7.9 x 10(8)/kg). Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis consisted of cyclosporine and three courses of methotrexate. The median duration of white blood cell counts <1 x 10(9)/l was 17 days and of platelet counts <50 x 10(9)/l 20 days. In two patients acute GVHD grade I occurred. Nine of 10 patients analyzed developed mixed chimerism. Of seven patients transplanted in CR, three remained in CR 19 to 31 months after transplantation. Three patients with refractory leukemia did not achieve CR, while the patient with relapsed AML achieved a 3rd CR. After a median follow-up time of 22 months, chronic GVHD was mild and limited. The data from this pilot study in elderly patients with leukemia show that the combination of primarily immunosuppressive (FC) and antileukemic (IE) drugs for nonmyeloablative conditioning has moderate nonhematological toxicity and allows engraftment of allogeneic blood progenitor cells.